Garlic has been grown for thousands of years in different parts of our planet. This is not only a great addition to many dishes, but also a healthy product. It has a pronounced bactericidal action. Due to such properties, garlic is loved and planted in their plots by many gardeners. Caring for this culture is not very difficult. The most important thing is to plant garlic in time for the winter and remove the heads from the garden bed. Now we will discuss when to dig winter garlic and how to do it correctly.
Terms of garlic harvesting
Those who have already grown garlic are well aware of how important it is to harvest the planted garlic on time, not earlier and not later than the appointed time. Immature cloves will be too soft, and overripe will completely disintegrate right in the ground. In addition, these fruits are poorly stored in winter. If you miss the moment of full maturity, the root system may begin to grow again. This shows that it is necessary to be very careful not to miss the moment when the garlic is fully ripe.
Many are interested in when to clean winter garlic in different regions of Russia. In central Russia, winter garlic usually ripens closer to mid-July. Although, of course, a lot depends on weather conditions. In the northern regions the process of fruit ripening lasts a couple of weeks longer and falls on the end of July - the beginning of August. The time of harvesting garlic also depends on the characteristics of a particular variety.Attention! If the summer is too dry and hot, then the process of maturation may be delayed. Regular rain and watering during planting and throughout the growth, on the contrary, very well stimulate the growth of fruits.
Since it is difficult to predict the weather, you should not hope too much for specific dates. It is most reliable to determine when to dig the garlic by the appearance of the plant itself. Fully ripened fruit is as follows:
- When removing arrows from plants, you should leave a few pieces. On them we will determine the ripening period. Such garlic has straight solid arrows, and the inflorescences begin to crack.
- In a mature plant, the lower leaves are yellow and down.
- You can also check the maturity of the fruits themselves. To do this, dig one specimen and analyze the skin and teeth. By that time, the flesh should be firm and crispy, and the skin will significantly thin out and dry out. Teeth should be well separated from each other. And the shell from them will be removed without difficulty.
Proper cleaning of winter garlic
Remove the winter garlic should be immediately after the onset of the above symptoms. Linger in this matter is not worth it, since the fruits can be divided into separate cloves in a short time. Harvesting technology implies some nuances that need to be accurately followed. Only by fulfilling all the rules, it will be possible to keep mature heads until the very spring.
So, the process of harvesting garlic from the garden is as follows:
- Winter garlic is harvested in dry, warm weather. In this case, it would be good to see the forecast for the next couple of days, since this time it is desirable to leave garlic on the street.
- It is better not to pull the heads out manually, but to dig them with the forks. There is a chance that you just pick the stem, and the fruit will remain in the ground. It is also important to dig the bulbs very carefully so as not to damage the head. Such fruits will spoil first.
- If weather conditions allow, you can leave the dug garlic right on the garden bed. There he dries quickly under the influence of the sun and wind. You can leave the bulbs for 2 or 5 days, depending on the weather. At night, the harvest is better to cover the appropriate material. But, you can immediately remove the fruit in the barn or in the attic. The main thing is that the place was dry. There, the heads are spread and left to the final drying.
- After a few days, you can begin to prepare the fruit for the winter. To do this, cut the stem and roots, leaving only a small part (about 2-3 cm). It is more convenient for some to keep the bulbs braided. In this case, you do not need to cut the stems.
- Next, proceed to sorting the fruit. It is necessary to separate small and large heads. The first must be used immediately in cooking, as they are worse stored. You should also select the damaged and diseased fruits. In addition, at this stage, seed is selected for the next year.
After harvesting winter garlic, it is very important to create suitable conditions for the storage of fruits:
- bulbs well at normal room temperature. Some store heads in rooms with a temperature of + 2 ° C. The main thing is that the temperature regime was not lower than 0.
- the room in which the bulbs are stored must be dry. Humidity promotes the spread of fungi and rot. In such conditions, the fruits quickly lose juiciness. Humidity in the room should be no higher than 80%.
- besides, you need to take care of good ventilation. This should be especially taken into account by those who keep their heads in the cellar.
Also, everyone can choose a way to store garlic. Here you can choose according to your taste. Most often, gardeners choose such methods:
- braided wreaths or braids. Usually they are braided on a wire or rope. Some simplify the task by simply tying 10–20 bulbs into one bundle. Now garlic is hung in the storage room or in his kitchen.
- For those who grow large amounts of garlic, it will be more convenient to store the crop in special nets for vegetables. You can also use unnecessary nylon pantyhose. They can be either decomposed indoors or hung on the walls.
- and, of course, you can store the bulbs in any boxes (cardboard or wooden). The main thing is to make holes in them for better air circulation. The ideal device in this case is a wicker basket.
This article helped you figure out when to clean winter garlic. As you can see, it is very important to be observant and then we will definitely not miss this important moment. It is timely harvesting that will allow heads to be stored for as long as possible throughout the winter. As you know, winter garlic is stored much less than spring, but still, subject to the rules of storage, you can use the fruits of your labor all winter.