Garden

Early greenhouse cucumbers

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Vegetable growing in greenhouses is becoming more popular every year. This is noticeable in the number of new greenhouses. With the popularity of cucumber as a culture, it is necessary to have a good understanding of the process of growing different varieties. Today we will talk about the early cucumbers. These varieties have become very popular nowadays, as many gardeners try to grow crops twice per season.

Growing cucumbers in the greenhouse

Preparation for planting cucumbers in a greenhouse begins not in spring, but in early autumn. This process includes:

  • cleaning the greenhouse from leaves and other residues;
  • remove weeds;
  • disinfect the soil;
  • mineral fertilizers and sawdust are applied to the soil.

For disinfection using various solutions, which are many on sale. Superphosphate and potassium chloride can be successfully used as a fertilizer. Now you can form the beds and leave the greenhouse until winter. During this period, work is also necessary. If snow accumulates in the greenhouse, it must be removed.

Snow removal will allow the soil to freeze. It is necessary to fight:

  • with fungi and viruses;
  • with soil insects;
  • with diseases.

You can return to your greenhouse in early spring. We'll have to disinfect the soil again, and then dig the soil and form the beds. Everything is ready for planting cucumbers. How to choose a variety, you decide, early cucumbers are considered among the most purchased.

Variety selection

To begin with, all varieties of cucumbers can be divided into four groups according to the degree of ripening:

  • ultra early (the earliest);
  • early;
  • mid-season;
  • late

Selection of early varieties produced primarily according to taste. Everyone likes certain types of cucumber, with thin skin or thick, with or without tubercles. Note that the seeds can be divided into two groups:

  • varietal;
  • hybrid.

It is believed that hybrids bred by breeders are more resistant to diseases, pests and fungi. And also experienced gardeners noted that hybrids are less whimsical in cultivation and the most resistant when changing climatic conditions. Of great importance is also the method of pollination of plants. This may be a bee-pollinating variety or self-pollinating. When planting cucumbers in early spring, give preference to self-pollinated plants. The word "parthenocarpic" may be indicated on the package. It is very convenient, because the weather is not predictable.

Partenocarpic cucumbers are pollinated independently. It doesn’t matter to them whether it is raining and there are bees in your area. Especially since the varieties will have to be planted in the greenhouse, where insects fly reluctantly.

The only negative is the capriciousness of early parthenocarpic hybrids to a sharp decrease in air temperature. Keep this in mind if you live in a cold climate. For an unheated greenhouse, this is important.

Table of popular varieties

We list some of the most popular early varieties of cucumbers, ideal for growing in greenhouses. These include such varieties:

  • rather large hybrid "Makar";
  • hybrid "Arina";
  • medium-sized hybrid "Bukhara";
  • Zyatek variety;
  • extremely popular hybrid "Courage";
  • hybrid "Swallowtail";
  • self-pollinating hybrid "mother-in-law".

All these varieties are self-pollinated. The ovary is formed without the participation of insects.

Below is a table describing the varieties listed.

The name of the hybrid

The length of green

Landing guidelines

Makar

14-19 centimeters

When planting the soil should warm up to 10-12 degrees Celsius, planting depth 3-4 centimeters

Arina

15-17 centimeters

When planting the soil should warm up to 10-12 degrees Celsius, planting depth 3-4 centimeters

Bukhara

11-14 centimeters

When planting the soil should warm up to 10-12 degrees Celsius, planting depth 3-4 centimeters

Zyatek

10-12 centimeters

When planting the soil should warm up to 25-30 degrees Celsius, planting depth 2-3 centimeters

Courage

13-16 centimeters

When planting the soil should warm up to 10-12 degrees Celsius, planting depth 3-4 centimeters

Machaon

7-11 centimeters

When planting the soil should warm up to 10-12 degrees Celsius, planting depth 3-4 centimeters

Mother-in-law

11-13 centimeters

When planting the soil should warm up to 25-30 degrees Celsius, planting depth 2-3 centimeters

Early varieties due to their popularity today are very common. The above are a small part of what you can choose. For beginners, it is better to choose common varieties.

Features of the cultivation of early varieties

Each early variety has its own characteristics. This is important to consider. However, all cucumbers are quite demanding on soil and watering, and these rules are common to all. Below is a video with short recommendations for growing cucumbers in the greenhouse.

Tip! The homeland of cucumber is India. Regardless of what variety you grow, it is important to observe the temperature regime, often water the cucumbers and feed them. Only then will the harvest be rich.

Airing the greenhouse is a must.

Watering

Cucumbers love abundant watering with warm water. Well, if it corresponds to the temperature of fresh milk. You can arrange abundant water procedures in the greenhouse. However, there is one important rule: in the beginning of spring watering is limited during a cold snap. Stagnant water in the soil can lead to the development of fungus and the death of plants. This also applies to the settling of dew on the leaves. When the temperature drops, cover the plants with a non-woven cloth before the sun warms up the greenhouse.

If the window is warmer every day, do not let the soil dry out. At the same time, do not let the water stagnate. This is also harmful.

The video details about watering cucumbers.

Top dressing

Let's talk about feeding. Any type of cucumber is demanding of soil fertility and the application of mineral fertilizers. It is for this reason that the soil is prepared in advance, sawdust, humus and various dressings are introduced into it. Initially, in spring, one of two things is brought into the soil:

  1. Compost.
  2. The rotted manure.

Additionally, be sure to make fertilizer. Planting seedlings in the ground after these procedures produced after 30 days. Conducting feeding, remember:

  • root - good in warm weather, produce them in the evening, when the sun is inactive;
  • foliar, on the contrary, produce in cold spring and summer days.

Many use the standard mode of feeding, which is familiar to many gardeners. Whatever variety of cucumbers you grow, this mode is equally good:

  • the first - 15 days after landing in the ground;
  • the second - at the time of flowering;
  • the third - at the time of fruiting.

The video tells in detail about the root feeding of cucumbers in the greenhouse.

Additional light and heat sources

Each type of cucumber is extremely demanding of heat. The dislike of this vegetable for irrigation with cold water, the air temperature drops are familiar to many summer residents. When growing this vegetable in Siberia and other areas, it is better to think over the methods of additional lighting and heating in the greenhouse.

In the northern areas, any variety of cucumbers in an unheated greenhouse can be planted only at the end of May. That is why early ripening varieties are so popular in the regions. Seeds highlight LED lamps for faster growth.

With regard to the maintenance of heat, there are various ways:

  • dark bottles of water are laid out between the beds, which accumulate heat during the day and give up at night;
  • peat and sawdust are introduced into the soil, which warm seedlings.
Tip! The greenhouse for cucumbers should be quite high. This plant does not accept low ceilings.

Following the simple rules of growing early varieties of cucumbers will certainly lead the gardener to a rich harvest. Despite all the warnings, planting seedlings in an unheated greenhouse can be, in advance considering all possible problems.

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