The description of the pear variety Elena is fully consistent with the real type of fruit tree. The variety was bred more than half a century ago and only recently began to spread among professional gardeners and agronomists. Pear is renowned for its nutritional and attractive presentation. In the process of growing large and juicy fruits are used for commercial purposes.
Description of pear Elena
In 1960, in the territory of Armenia, breeder P. Karatyan presented a new bred pear variety Elena. In the process of crossing, the forest beauty fruit trees and the Winter Michurin Bere were used. As a result, the variety Elena was bred, which can be cultivated in any strip of Russia.
Winter-hardy variety of fruit tree is listed in the State Register since 1990. Now pears are grown in Armenia, the central and southern regions of the country, in the colder regions of Russia. Gardeners consider this variety to be dessert, since the tree reaches a height of 3 m, and the fruits ripen juicy, large. Small growth of a tree allows to reap a crop without threat to health.
Pyramidal pear crown with sparse and flexible branches. The foliage is large, with a bright green glossy sheen. The flowering process lasts up to 10 days from the end of May to June. The flowers are compact, self-pollinated. The first fruits appear after 7 years from the moment the seedling is planted in the ground.
Fruits of a grade Elena always large, identical and pear-shaped forms, ripen by the end of September. There is a lumpy surface, the skin is soft and tender to the touch, sometimes sticky. The average weight of the fruit reaches 200 g. Unripe fruits are yellowish-green, fully ripened - bright yellow with a pleasant aroma. The gray subcutaneous spots are visible, the stem is short and slightly curved.
The flesh is cut on a snow-white color, oily and juicy. Tasting score - 4.7 points on a five-point scale, the characteristic sourness and sweet aftertaste is felt. Fruits are consumed fresh, often making preparations for the winter. The fruits of the variety Helen contain:
- acid - 0.2%;
- sugar - 12.2%;
- fiber and vitamin C - 7.4 mg.
Pros and cons varieties Elena
The cons of the pear are few in number:
- overripe fruit quickly falls;
- with a large number of crops, fruits grow in different shapes;
- average winter hardiness.
The rest of the positive aspects of the variety Elena more:
- juicy and nutritious fruits;
- resistance to frost and spring frosts;
- high fecundity;
- attractive presentation;
- late ripening;
- long shelf life of fruits;
- high resistance to diseases, pests.
Pear fruit is suitable for transportation, but only for short distances. In pears, the average drought tolerance, the fruits have a universal purpose in use.
Optimal conditions for growing
Fruit tree grows well on black soil in any region of Russia. The climate should be moderate humidity. Pear Elena does not tolerate drought, but for intensive growth and good ripening of fruits requires abundant sunlight. Some gardeners cultivate a pear in glass greenhouses, but the tree grows up to 2.5 m. In the presented photo, the pear variety Elena in ripe form:
In optimal growing conditions, fruit picking lasts up to 10 days. For planting choose the sunny side of the site with fencing. Groundwater should be at a depth of 3-4 m from the roots of the tree. For seedling the best landing time is from March to the end of April. During this period, the sapling gets used to the climate and temperature changes, the roots become stronger. The soil must have a low acidity.Important! Depending on the climate and soil quality, fruit ripening occurs at the end of September or beginning of October.
Planting and care for pear Elena
The time of planting pear varieties Elena largely depends on the climatic conditions of the planting region. In the southern part of the country it is better to plant in the spring when the first buds bloom. In the Central region or in the homeland of the fruit tree, the variety is planted in October. Gardeners recommend choosing two-year-old saplings. Before planting, the tree is immersed in water at room temperature. Also do an inspection for signs of root cancer. A seedling should have a lot of side shoots, so the rooting of the tree will happen quickly.
2-3 weeks before planting, the site is cleared of excess seedlings. Ground dig, loosened. A landing pit is dug 70 cm deep, a hole is dug up to 50 cm in diameter. Drainage is filled to the bottom. Part of the excavated soil is mixed with fertilizer, compost and piled up after a layer of drainage. If necessary, add sand or lime, which will reduce the acidity of the soil.
The roots are evenly distributed in the pit, if necessary, fill the ground, so that there is no root penetration. Residual soil is also mixed with compost, mineral fertilizers and seedling is layered in layers. After tamping the soil make basal aryk. Next, the pear is poured over a bucket of water, mulched with dry sawdust or peat.Important! When planting a young seedling can not mix soil with fresh manure. He burns the root system of the pear.
Watering and feeding
Both the young sapling and the adult Elena tree require a large amount of moisture. The soil should not be too wet, you only need to water as the mulched surface dries. In the summer season the sapling is watered every other day. One adult pear tree requires up to 3 buckets of water.
Before preparing the seedling for the winter, the pear is poured abundantly with water. Moisture should get as deep as possible so that the frost does not freeze the ground and the roots receive nutrients all year round. After wintering, the pear is again plentifully filled with water.
Top dressing with minerals is carried out once in several months from the moment of planting the seedling. In the second year of growth they make the first feed with mineral fertilizers. Growing up on the black soil, the pear does not require fertilizing with fertilizer, but compost is added when planting. Closer to winter phosphates and organic fertilizers are added to the ground.
Pruning is carried out in the spring. As soon as winter is removed, the tree is inspected for the presence of frozen branches. The crown is formed by cutting the branches at the initial stage of pear growth. Thinning is done both in winter and in spring.
Tip! Young branches of the Helena variety always give a harvest, so they are recommended not to be cut.
Whitewashing is carried out before the first frost. A solution of hydrated lime protects the bark of the tree from sunburn, freezing and serious crackling of the bark. Mostly whitened in the fall, and then in the spring they re-whitewash. The third time whitewash in the summer, when the pear is going to bloom. Usually, the entire stem is whipped or whitened to the lower skeletal branches. The young tree is whitewashed to half the trunk.
Preparing for the winter
For winter, the sapling is prepared after the fall of all the foliage. First, clean the space from the dead leaves, then plentifully watered with water. The readiness of the tree for winter depends on the amount of water received. During the year, with a lack of moisture and getting a bountiful harvest for the winter, the pear will be depleted, so it can withstand poor frosts.
Next, do pruning, remove diseased, damaged and dry branches. The young seedling is covered with an awning or cloth, the trunk is covered with dry straw. In an adult tree, the trunk is wrapped with burlap or cardboard. Speakers roots are covered with straw, roofing felt or fir branches.
Pear Pollinators Elena
When flowering in pear flowers are observed of both sexes. Therefore, the tree does not need pollinators. However, to obtain a quality first crop for a tree, artificial or natural pollinators are used. Varieties of fruit trees are suitable for pears: the Dubrovka apple tree, the Grandmother’s apple variety, the Golden Excellent, as well as the January varieties, the Magician, the Fairy. Flowering pollinators should coincide in time with the flowering varieties of pear Helen.
Sort pears Elena average yield. With timely collection of fruits from 1 square. m gardeners collect up to 40-50 kg. Over-grown fruits fall to the ground and lose their presentation due to the crumpled sides. The shelf life in the refrigerating chamber is up to 4-5 months at a temperature of + 5-10 ° C. Fruit ripening occurs at the end of September, but, depending on the planting region, the period varies a month earlier or later. The yield of the variety Helen is directly dependent on the amount of fertilizer and soil moisture.
Diseases and pests
The hybrid has a high resistance to scab and rarely suffers from fungal diseases. Otherwise, it is often attacked by insects. When non-compliance with the prevention of diseases and pests pear Elena is ill:
- powdery mildew;
- fruit rot;
- black cancer;
- rust of leaves.
Over the 50 years of its existence, the hybrid variety Elena has proved resistant to scab, from which fruit trees often die. From the powdery mildew, the foliage of the pear is covered with white bloom, then the leaves roll up, turn black and die. Fruit rot and black cancer affect fruits that can no longer be eaten. Black cancer can appear when a late whitewash, lack of nutrients in the soil. Rust does not cause much damage to the pear, but it should not be neglected.
You can also find green aphids, pear mites and trubkovertov that cause irreparable harm to the fruit tree. In preventive measures against such pests apply diluted sulfur solutions, Bordeaux mixture, soda ash. Spray the trees 2-3 times per season, when the foliage fully blooms or the pear begins to bloom.
Reviews on pear variety ElenaSarkovich Saveli Ignatievich, 53, Kirov Recently, he spread his garden of fruit trees, bought pear seedlings. I looked through the description, photos and reviews pear Elena. Planting and survival of the roots went well, although lateral shoots were few. On the plot there is an old tree of this variety, so I decided to take an example from it. In general, the fruits are like a selection: large, sweet, do not spoil for a long time, but quickly fall off. Sometimes I do not have time to harvest in time, so there is a lot of waste. In general, the variety is good and I have never been ill. I spend whitewash, spray chemicals, and for the winter I just lay layers of roofing material. Tatyana Karimov, 42, Belgorod, I grow a pear Elena for over 12 years. The trees are really small, I do not have to climb the ladder to harvest. There are few overripe fruits, and I don’t collect them. They taste watery, and the flesh is too grainy. With the rest of the harvest there were no problems, all good, smooth and juicy. From my trees I collect up to 100 kg. Pears are very good in cakes, sometimes I make compotes and jams. Husband gives away to all neighbors.
The description of the Elena variety of pears and the reviews of gardeners prove that the cultivation of this fruit tree guarantees a quality crop. With timely and frequent watering, the tree receives a sufficient amount of nutritional minerals and vitamins, which increases the resistance of the tree to the attacks of pests and fungal diseases. Pear Elena is unpretentious to the indicators of the soil and climate, so even a novice in the garden business can grow a fruit tree.