Melon Slavia - unpretentious, fruitful variety, with excellent taste. Drought-resistant, withstand night temperatures. It is popular with farmers and gardeners, due to its high commercial quality, excellent transportability and keeping quality. Melon Slavia retains its taste and marketability within a month after harvesting from the garden.
Description of Slavia Melon
Melon Slavia - climbing, late-ripening variety. The period from the emergence of seedlings to the first harvest is 90-110 days. The length of the main whip reaches 1.5-2 m.
Large, green, kidney-shaped
Yellow-green, rounded, without pattern, smooth, with a large-mesh solid mesh
Average thickness, white color on the cut
White, dense, juicy
Oval, medium size, cream color
Mass of fetus
18-25 t / ha
Slavia Melon has a rich sweet taste and a fresh, pronounced melon aroma. This variety is the record for the sugar content in fruits. The sugar content is 8.8%.
Pros and cons varieties
Advantages melon Slavia:
- drought tolerance;
- resistance to diseases and pests;
- good transportability;
- keeping quality
Of the shortcomings of the variety can only be noted difficulties with growing. Not every region of the fruit have time to fully ripen. In cooler climatic zones melon frostbite is possible. When grown in greenhouses (greenhouses) Slavia melon lacks sunlight and heat.
Growing melon Slavia
Slavia's melon can be grown as an open sowing in the ground, and seedling method.
You can speed up the harvest by growing the Slavia melon in a seedling way. Preparation of seedlings begins with sowing seeds. It is recommended to use separate containers - plastic cups or peat pots, pre-filled with soil mixture.
The optimal time for sowing is mid-April. Sowing of seeds produced at a depth of 2.5-3 cm, laying them on its side. The temperature required for germination is + 23 ° C, after the emergence of shoots it is reduced to + 21 ° C. It is important to provide seedlings with good coverage at least 12 hours a day. Planted seedlings in open ground to reach her age of 25-35 days.
Selection and preparation of the landing area
The correct choice of planting is the key to a good harvest. Melon is a heat-loving plant, so the beds with crops should be located on the sunny side - the southern or south-western. The site should be quiet, protected from strong winds.Tip! Natural stands can act as natural protection from wind.
You can, for example, plant maize, sunflowers in 2 rows along the perimeter of the plot. You can also plant a melon in the rows of young gardens.
Equally important is the choice of predecessor. Best of all melon Slavia will grow after such crops:
- potatoes (early);
- winter wheat;
- perennial herbs.
You should not grow Slavia melon in one place for more than two years, as this may lead to a decrease in yield. You can resume growing melons on the same bed in 5 years.
Melon seeds are planted in unprotected soil at different times, depending on the growing region:
- in the forest-steppe zone - from May 5 to 15;
- in the steppe - the end of April or the middle of May;
- in the western regions (the most northern) - from May 20 to 31.
Seedlings are planted some time later, when the threat of nighttime spring frosts is over - around May.
Attention! The recommended planting density is 5500 plants per 1 hectare of planting area. The thickening of crops can lead to lower yields.
Watering and feeding
Watering is important for a melon from the moment of emergence to the setting of fruits, because during this period its root system does not have time to go deeper. Watering should be moderate, but regularly, and always with warm water. It is recommended to conduct about 5 irrigations per week, at the rate of 45 liters per 1 m2. 1 month before the removal of the first harvest of Slavia’s melon, they stop watering.Important! It is necessary to ensure that in time for watering the water does not fall on the root collar, does not pollute the shoots and leaves with earth. Also she should not knock off the whip.
The first feeding (mullein or ammonium nitrate) is recommended 14 days after planting. The second and subsequent dressings are performed using a mixture of fertilizers. For example, such a solution (per 10 liters of water):
- superphosphate - 40 g;
- ammonium sulfate - 25-30 g;
- potassium salt - 15-20 g
Proper formation of the melon bush Slavia and regulation of the number of ovaries on it - the main secret of obtaining high yield. We have to resort to this technique in order to reduce the time of ripening and obtain large fruits. The timing of forming depends on growing conditions and climate. Conduct this operation, depending on the phase of plant development.
The female flowers of the melon Slavia are formed mainly on the side shoots, so the formation of the bush begins with pinching the main stem. The top of the shoot break off after 3-4 leaves, thereby removing the growth point. After that, the lateral processes - second-order shoots start to grow from the leaf bosoms. Good fruiting provide, leaving 2-3 processes and not more than 6 fruits on one bush. Should be guided by the power of plant growth.
When ripe melon Slavia
Slavia melon is a late ripening variety that has a long period of yield formation (90-110 days). The first fruits begin to ripen in August, but sometimes you have to wait until September for the harvest. These terms depend on many factors. And from the climatic zone in which Slavia is grown, and from caring for her, and, in particular, on how high-quality and full-fledged it is.Tip! To prevent the fruits from rotting, it is necessary to prevent their contact with the ground. To do this, it is recommended to lay wooden planks or water-repellent flooring.
Harvesting begins with the onset of full maturity of the fruit. You can shoot the first fruits within 2-2.5 months after planting and until the beginning of October.
You can determine the ripeness of the melon Slavia by the following parameters:
- Aroma. In ripe fruit, it is bright - honey, vanilla or pear. Overripe smell is not very pleasant. Greens either do not exude scent at all, or it is slightly perceptible.
- Sound. When tapping on the sides of a ripe melon, a deaf sound will be heard, in unripe fruits it will be ringing.
- Colour. The color of the fruit should be uniform - yellow-green. The grid of cracks should be srednevyrazhennoy, covering about ½ of the fruit.
When harvesting, ripe melons of the Slavia variety are separated from the lashes, leaving the stem about 5 cm long. Sorted by size and degree of maturity, removing damaged fruit. For gradual and uniform ripening, melons are stored in groups of uniform ripeness. 18-25 tons of commodity fruits can be harvested from 1 ha of planting area.
Diseases and pests
Slavia Melon practically does not get sick and is not damaged by pests. In particular, it is resistant to powdery mildew, peronosporosis, and aphid. But sometimes Slavia may be affected by certain diseases characteristic of other melon crops.
Methods of struggle
Bordeaux mixture and urea solution
Formalin Seed Disinfection
Sulfur solution and Bordeaux mixture
Phosphate or potassium preparations
Melon Slavia - quite unpretentious variety that can even grow a novice gardener. If you follow all the recommendations for growing and care, you can get a good harvest. Due to the fact that the fruits remain fresh and juicy for a long time, and are well transported, Slavia melon can be grown not only for its own needs, but also for sale.
Reviews Melon SlaviaMaria Sokolova, 43 years old, SamaraZa, she cultivated about 15 varieties of melons on the site in her gardening practice. Slavia liked the fact that our family eats juicy and tasty fruits until December. I grow melons in the country, so I have to transport them by car. I want to note that during transportation the fruits are practically not damaged. The only thing I advise you to pay attention to is that Slavia Melon is not suitable for all regions, it is so late-ripe, and it may simply not have time to ripen.
Leonid Telenkov, 54 years old, Krasnodar. I have been cultivating Slavia melons for 5 years. Impressions are only positive. I advise you to try all gardeners who did not grow this variety. Diseases are not affected, do not need abundant watering. Watered only when there was no rain. Fruits grew large, fragrant, where there is market melon. I always grow in seedlings in order to get an earlier harvest.