The cultivation of bell pepper in the summer cottage or garden today is available to everyone - there are a lot of varieties and hybrids on sale that are distinguished by unpretentiousness and resistance to external factors. Peppers for industrial cultivation stand out in a separate group, they can be:
- intended for planting in open ground (field);
- suitable only for growing in greenhouse conditions.
This article will consider the category of indeterminant peppers intended for both open-air and various greenhouses.
What are indeterminant peppers?
Some vegetables (peppers, tomatoes) are divided into categories according to the height of the bush and its branching. Sweet pepper can be:
Indeterminate varieties are distinguished by tallness - bushes grow to two or more meters. The leafiness of such plants is often strong. They do not like thick planting, shaded areas. High pepper bushes need good natural light and ventilation.
These cultures, most often, land in heated greenhouses. Among other things, they are distinguished by fast ripening periods (95-130 days) and high yields. Up to 18 kg of fresh vegetables can be removed from one bush.
The growth of a conventional (determinant) culture is suspended in a natural way - the bush does not grow after reaching a certain point (40-70 cm). But the indeterminant peppers do not stop growing on their own - they need to pinch and pinch.
This concerns not only the central escape, but also the lateral ones. It takes a lot of time to form a bush, and it will take a regular pinching. Only this way the pepper bush will be formed correctly, which will allow the plant to produce the most abundant crops.Important! All these measures take a lot of time, however, they are justified by high yields.
Tall varieties of peppers are more often grown in heated (winter) greenhouses, which makes it possible to produce vegetables for a long period from April to October. However, there are varieties intended for ordinary greenhouses and even for open ground.
Variety of bell pepper belongs to the tall - the plant reaches a height of 250-300 cm. Bushes are semi-sprawling, have many ovaries.
The first peppers can be plucked as early as the 115th day after sowing seeds into the soil. Seeds for seedlings are sown in March, after one and a half or two months, the pepper can be planted in open ground or in a greenhouse.
Fruits in the stage of technical maturity have a green rind, to the onset of biological - become red. The peppers themselves are quite large - the weight often reaches 350-400 grams.
The shape of the fruit is prism-shaped, the length rarely exceeds 15 cm. The flesh is juicy and fragrant. Sweet pepper varieties "Avangard" is great for cooking various dishes, stuffing and canning.
If you properly care for the plants (feed, loosen the soil, water), then you can achieve excellent yields - up to 17 kg per square meter of land.
Culture tolerates temperature fluctuations and is resistant to tobacco mosaic.
Fruits can be transported over long distances and stored - the variety is suitable for commercial cultivation.
The variety also belongs to the indeterminate - bushes reach a height of 70 cm, have many powerful shoots. Fruit ripening occurs on the 130-150th day after sowing seeds for seedlings.
Mature vegetables have a pale green color, if you leave them on the branches for a few more days - they will turn red, but this will reduce the yield of pepper. With proper care of plants you can get up to 70 tons per hectare of land.
The variety is suitable for growing in film shelters or in open field.
During the whole ripening period, fruits accumulate vitamin C, therefore mature vegetables are very rich in ascorbic acid.
The fruits have tender and juicy flesh, their shape is similar to the cone and the prism at the same time. The weight of one pepper often reaches 300 grams - large vegetables.
The plant is resistant to verticillary wilting, gives abundant yields, suitable for canning and fresh consumption.
Shrubs of this hybrid must be tied up on the trellis - their height reaches 130 cm. The plant belongs to early ripening - the first vegetables ripen on the 110th day after sowing the seeds. Seedlings sown in mid-March, then planted in open or closed ground.
Bushes are powerful, with a large number of leaves and ovaries. With one square meter you can get up to 14 kg of large peppers.
Mature fruits are colored dark red, have juicy flesh - wall thickness is 7 mm. Pepper is prism-shaped, its length reaches 15 cm, and its mass varies between 250-310 grams.
The plant is resistant to viral diseases, does not require special care and regular harvesting. Peppers can be transported and stored, canned and eaten raw.
One of the best varieties of bell pepper. The plant is tall, powerful and spreading, tolerates low temperatures well.
With simple care (watering and feeding) per hectare of land, you can get up to 70 tons of high-quality vegetables. The fruit has an ovoid shape, ripe peppers are colored red. The vegetable is divided into two or three chambers, inside of which there are seeds.
The weight of one fruit rarely reaches 180 grams, such peppers are perfect for stuffing, and for canning, and for preparing vegetable salads.
It is possible to grow crops both in a film greenhouse and on a garden bed. The plant is resistant to verticillous wilting and even a number of diseases. Fruits can be transported over long distances and stored fresh for a long time.
This grade of sweet pepper differs in excellent tastes. The plant belongs to the medium early, the first vegetables are torn down on the 125th day after planting seeds for seedlings.
Fruits grow large, their weight reaches 500 grams. The shape of the pepper is cubic, the length of the fruit is 10-15 mm. The shade of the peel of a ripe vegetable is orange, at the stage of technical maturity - green. The flesh is juicy and aromatic, has a pronounced "pepper" taste.
Bushes grow up to three meters in height, have a lot of leaves and strong lateral shoots. The plant is resistant to tobacco mosaic virus. Suitable for cultivation in the open field and in the greenhouse.
With regular watering, fertilizing and loosening the soil between the rows, you can hope for yields of up to 16 kg per meter of land. On one square meter you need to plant no more than three plants.
Another mid-early indeterminant pepper, related to hybrids. Plants have a height of up to two and a half - three meters, strongly leafy, spreading. With each bush you can get more than five pounds of ripe vegetables.
The first fruits ripen by the 120th day after planting seeds in the soil. Pepper has a cubic shape, its length is 10-15 cm, weight reaches 250 grams.
At the stage of technical maturity, the vegetable is colored green, after full maturity it becomes bright yellow. The flesh of the peppers is sweet, very juicy, rich in ascorbic acid and carotene.
Use the fruit can be for sale, canning, fresh consumption and in various dishes.
The plant requires watering and loosening of the soil, endures the climatic features, is not afraid of tobacco mosaic.
One of the representatives of the early ripening crops - “Vesper” pepper ripens on the 105th day after planting. The plant reaches 120 cm in height, slightly oblong, has many ovaries. Bushes need to tie up on the trellis or pinch the central shoots.
The fruits of this variety are painted in bright red color, have a conical elongated shape. Their length reaches 18 cm, and weight - 90 grams. The walls are 5.5 mm thick, the flesh is sweet and juicy.
The plant is resistant to low temperatures, it can be planted both in open ground and in a greenhouse or greenhouse.
With proper care, the yield of the variety is 7 kgm².Tip! If peppers are plucked at the stage of technical maturity (when their color is white-green or green), you can increase the yield by 30%. Such fruits are ready to eat, however, if you wait for their biological maturation (color change), they will please the best taste and a large number of useful substances.
This mid-early variety of indeterminant pepper is distinguished by its high palatability and large fruit sizes.
Vegetables have a prism shape, painted first in dark green, and then - in a red tint. The mass of the fetus often passes for 650 grams, and its length is 15 cm.
The flesh of the peppers is juicy and aromatic. Fruits can be used for any purpose: for sale, for fresh use, preparing sauces and salads, canning.
The height of the bush is 280 cm, it is spreading and powerful. If you properly care for the crop, you can get up to 18 kg of excellent yield. The plant is resistant to many diseases, and grows in the greenhouse and on the garden.
Medium early variety that ripens on the 125th day after planting in the soil. The plant reaches a height of 120 cm, has powerful shoots and many leaves.
The fruits are painted in bright red color, their shape of the campaign on the elongated heart. The flesh is juicy and very sweet, with a pleasant crunch.
The weight of each pepper is 220-250 grams. Vegetables can be eaten both fresh and canned, added to different dishes and sauces.
Grow the culture only in the open field. Bushes can be planted close enough to each other - there can be up to 10 plants on one square meter of land. The variety is not afraid of diseases and low temperatures, suitable for growing in the middle lane, near Moscow and in the Urals.
Watering, dressing and loosening increase the yield of the variety up to 10 kilograms per meter plot.
A bright representative of indeterminate varieties - the height of the plant can reach four meters. Bushes strong, powerful, with strong lateral shoots.
The peppers themselves are also large - the weight of each is 450-500 grams. The shape of the fruit is cylindrical, the peel at the stage of technical maturity is colored dark green, then becomes bright red. The walls of the vegetable are thick, the pulp is juicy and sweet.
The first vegetables can be obtained on the 128th day after transplanting the seedlings. You can grow them both in the garden and in a closed greenhouse. The plant is resistant to most diseases, normally tolerates the climatic features of Russia.
The variety is valued for its excellent taste, large and even fruits, high yield - up to 17 kg per meter.
The variety is medium early, the fruits ripen by the 125th day after planting. Bushes grow to three meters, have strong shoots and strong leaves.
Fruits are colored green first, become red after biological ripening. The mass of each ranges from 360 to 450 grams. Pepper prism-cylindrical shape, length - 10-15 cm.
Vegetables are tasty and juicy, have a pronounced flavor. Peppers can be canned, pickled, cooked and eaten fresh.
The plant is resistant to diseases, can be grown in beds or in greenhouses. With proper care, the yield of the “Prestige” variety will be more than 15 kg.
Peculiarities of indeterminate varieties
Despite the difficulty in the care of tall peppers, they are grown quite often. And not only in industrial conditions, but also in small areas and cottages. Pepper is suitable for cultivation for commercial purposes and for the family’s own needs.
The merits of indeterminate varieties include:
- high yield, due to the long period of fruiting and the height of the bush, respectively, the number of ovaries;
- unpretentiousness to air temperature and soil composition;
- resistance to the most common diseases of solanaceous crops;
- early ripening;
- suitability for cultivation in any conditions (open or closed ground).
The disadvantages of tall crops include the fact that:
- without sufficient light, plants shed their ovaries and flowers;
- without airing the plants rot and get sick;
- bushes need to pinch and pinch;
- long stems need to be tied to stakes or trellis.
Buying the seeds of tall peppers, you need to be ready for more careful care of the plants, to provide them with enough space and the possibility of tying shoots.