Only half a century ago, there were no more than a hundred varieties of bell pepper, only pale green and red fruits were known. To date, breeders have already brought out more than a thousand of the best varieties and hybrids of this healthy and tasty vegetable. Now there are peppers of different taste: sweet, sour-sweet, bitter, and also multi-colored varieties: yellow, red, orange, green and purple, even white peppers are quite common.
Bulgarian pepper - a little "capricious" culture:
- it lands only in seedlings;
- prefers loose, black soil;
- loves heat and moisture;
- cannot develop normally without enough sun;
- has fragile shoots that need to be tied up and pinched.
Despite all this, breeders managed to bring a lot of unpretentious varieties of peppers, the best of them will be presented below.
Attention! Sweet pepper - a storehouse of vitamins and minerals. This vegetable contains a very large amount of vitamin C (more than black currant berries), carotene (vitamin A) and very rare vitamin PP. Eating fresh pepper, you can saturate the body with the necessary dose of nutrients.
What is the difference between pepper varieties?
Unpretentiousness is not the only quality that varieties selected for cultivation in the garden or cottage must possess. For plants no less important:
- resistance to various diseases;
- ability to withstand a drop in temperature;
- taste qualities;
- commodity characteristics of vegetables;
- ripening terms.
For the northern regions of the country and the Urals, early-maturing varieties are best suited. The fruits of these peppers will have time to ripen in a couple of months of short and cold summer. In addition, it is the early varieties give the most abundant crops, peppers have good taste, suitable for growing in greenhouses and in the open field.
In the south of the country, early or mid-season varieties and hybrids are also most often grown. But in regions with long, warm summers, it is possible to cultivate peppers with late ripening periods. They are less fruitful than the early ones, but fresh vegetables in the beds will grow until the first frosts - mid-October.
How to grow peppers
Varieties of bell peppers that do not require special care, still need some mandatory steps:
- Landing in the ground or in the greenhouse seedling method. Seedlings need to be prepared 1.5-2 months before. Seeds are sown in large boxes, and then dive into individual containers.
- Preliminary soil preparation: fertilizer, digging, disinfection.
- Young plants should not be exposed to low temperatures, even resistant varieties should be covered at night with a thick film or special agrofibre.
- It is important to know when it is necessary to harvest - the technical maturity of the peppers is determined by their color. Often the red fruit drawn on the seed package can be picked when it has a green tint. Such vegetables are quite suitable for eating, contain all the necessary vitamins and substances. During storage, you can see that the color of the skin changes - this indicates the biological maturity of the vegetable.
Variety refers to the early ripening - the first fruits can be eaten 110 days after planting seeds. Bushes grow small, their height reaches 70 cm. The peppers themselves are cube-shaped with clear edges. Inside the vegetable is divided into four chambers with seeds.
The color of the ripe fruit is bright green, after storage it changes to scarlet. The wall thickness reaches 9 mm, which makes the fruit very tasty and juicy. The weight of each vegetable is at least 280 grams.
The plant is resistant to most viral diseases inherent in solanaceous crops. Mature peppers tolerate transportation, can be stored for a long time.
One of the most unpretentious varieties is considered "Ivanhoe". This pepper grows in small bushes, it does not need to be tied up and pinned, which greatly simplifies the care of plants.
The culture is early maturing, the first vegetables can be eaten already at the stage of technical maturity - on the 105th day after sowing seeds.
Fruits grow small, weighing up to 120 grams. The peel is painted first in a milky-white shade, and after full maturation acquires a scarlet color. Wall thickness ranges from 5.5 to 6 mm. The shape of the pepper is conical, the vegetable is divided into two or three chambers, inside there are many seeds.
The variety "Ivanhoe" is valued primarily for its commercial quality - it tolerates transportation, is stored for a long time, the harvest consists of smooth and even fruits.
Semi-determinant variety of Bulgarian pepper - “Funtik” ripens by 110-120 days after planting seeds. Bushes are compact, their height lies in the range of 50-70 cm. There are a lot of foliage and lateral shoots on plants, as well as a large number of ovaries. On each bush of pepper about 17 fruits ripen at the same time.
The fruits have a conical, slightly uneven, shape. The variety is very unpretentious - it is firmly opposed to diseases and verticillous wilting, it is possible to grow a crop both in the garden and in the closed greenhouse.
The determinant variety of sweet pepper - "Chardash" refers to high-yielding varieties. Up to 18 fruits can be removed from one compact bush. The shape of the peppers is cone-shaped, the weight of each reaches 220 grams. The wall thickness is 6 mm.
Ripe vegetables are colored orange-red. Ovaries on low bushes appear in bunches, the plant becomes very beautiful in the period of ripening peppers.
The variety does not become infected with many viruses and diseases, it withstands the deterioration of weather conditions. "Chardash" can be grown in the greenhouse and in the open field. Vegetables are suitable for canning and for fresh consumption.
Culture refers to mid-season, the first vegetables can be removed already on the 130th day after planting seeds for seedlings. The grade is suitable for cultivation in an open ground and for disembarkation under a film, in the greenhouse.
Bushes grow small, peppers themselves have medium size - length is 16 cm, and weight - 200 grams. The shade of the fruit is bright green, to full maturation it becomes red. The walls of the vegetable have a rather large thickness - up to 8 mm, which makes the pepper of this variety very juicy and “fleshy”.
Despite the juiciness, vegetables can be stored for a long time without losing elasticity. Mature peppers have a conical elongated shape, slightly corrugated peel.
Fruits can be canned, added to various dishes and salads.
Treats those rare grades of the Bulgarian pepper which love dense planting. Such a culture will take root well on a small summer cottage, in a small greenhouse or film tunnel.
Due to high yields, Atlant has become the favorite of many gardeners - it gives consistently high yields. The fruits themselves are quite large - their length is 26 cm, and the weight reaches 250 grams. The thickness of the walls of the fruit can reach up to 11 mm, which makes the pepper very juicy and tasty.
A variety that belongs to the medium early, gives the fruit on the 120th day after planting seeds on the seedlings. Bushes grow quite small - their height reaches only 50 cm. This does not prevent the Eroshka variety from being considered one of the most high-yielding. The plant gives fruits together, about 16 ripe peppers can be removed from one bush at a time.
The shape of the vegetable is similar to a cube with a weak edge, inside it is divided into four chambers filled with seeds.
First, the fruits are painted in pale green color, and as they mature, they turn red. The plant is resistant to various diseases and parasites, does not require complex care, can be grown in any way (on the bed or under the film). The fruits have excellent taste characteristics, can be used in any form.
A variety with very beautiful, bright yellow fruits. The plant gives off fruits early - on the 112th day after planting in the ground, reaches a small height - compact bushes, up to 60 cm.
Fruits grow large enough - often their weight exceeds 200 grams. The rind of the fruit is smooth, the walls are thick.
Pepper "Lemon miracle" look great in banks, have excellent taste and aroma. Culture normally tolerates bad weather conditions, does not need careful and difficult care.
Very productive mid-season grade of Bulgarian pepper. On one plant, there are many ovaries, the fruits grow very large, so the bushes must be tied up.
Mature peppers are colored bright red, have a glossy peel and a cubical shape. The average weight of a vegetable is 350 grams, the walls are up to 10 mm thick. The taste of the fruit is excellent: juicy, rich, with a special "pepper" flavor. Vegetable is suitable for cultivation in any way.
The plant is unpretentious, all that it needs is timely tying shoots with young fruits.
This extraordinary variety is recognized not only in Russia, but throughout the world. The distinctive feature of pepper is a thick, dense flesh. After all, the thickness of the walls of the vegetable reaches 12 mm.
Peppers grow up to 300 grams, are cube-shaped, their peel and flesh are colored in a rich orange color.
With small bushes, whose height rarely exceeds 50 cm, you can get a high yield of sweet, juicy pepper of an unusual shade. With all the merits, the variety is completely whimsical, tolerates diseases and can be grown even in the northern regions.
Vegetables are great for canning, pickling, cooking various dishes and fresh salads.
"The Sun of Italy"
One of the best commercial varieties - pepper "Sun of Italy". Unusually large fruits reach a weight of 600 grams, of course, to achieve such a result will have to work hard.
However, the plant is quite unpretentious, it can be grown even in open ground. Bushes grow low and compact - up to 50 cm in height.
The fruits are colored yellow-orange, have the correct prism-like shape and shiny, smooth skin. Vegetables perfectly tolerate transportation even over long distances, are subject to long-term storage, and are resistant to various diseases.
The work of Moldovan breeders - a variety of Shorokshary sweet pepper has become the winner of international exhibitions more than once.
The plant grows only 40-50 cm, but has many fruits. From one such bush can remove up to 20 peppers. The peppers themselves are large in size - their weight often reaches 400 grams.
The shape of the fruit - cone-shaped, smooth and smooth walls. The flesh of this vegetable is very juicy with an unusual spicy flavor. From the fruit you can cook any dish, but it is best suited for canned salads and lecho.
On one bush can immediately be the mass of fruits of different shades: from pale green to yellow and orange-red.
One of the most unpretentious varieties - "Belozerka". This pepper is known both in the south and in the north. In any climatic conditions, the plant gives a fairly high and stable yield.
The fruits themselves have an excellent trade dress - large sizes, one-dimensional vegetables, smooth peel of a yellow shade.
The variety can be grown in the garden, in the greenhouse, and in the greenhouse.
In this variety, the most remarkable is the shape and color of the fruit. Peppers have an unusual heart shape and rich cherry hue.
Ripe fruits are very similar to tomatoes - the same juicy, appetizing and sweet, with thick "fleshy" flesh.
Growing conditions are not very important for this variety. He gives abundant crops not only in the garden, in the greenhouse and greenhouse, but even on the balcony and in the flowerpot.
One of the early ripening varieties of Bulgarian pepper has low bushes and a lush crown. Vegetable belongs to high-yielding, gives a consistently large number of fruits.
The peppers themselves are painted in a juicy orange color, have the shape of a cube and rather thick walls - up to 7 mm.
The mass of each vegetable reaches 150 grams. Peppers have an excellent taste and aroma, suitable for cooking a variety of dishes.
A rare variety whose seeds are not found on the market, they are sold only in large stores. The plant reaches a height of 120 cm, so it is preferable to grow it not in the garden, but in the greenhouse, tied up on the trellis.
The fruits themselves are also very large - their average weight is 400 grams. The shape of the vegetable is elongated cuboid. The flesh is juicy and aromatic.
What determines pepper simplicity
The information on a bag of seeds about the unpretentiousness of a variety speaks at once about several factors:
- lower host labor costs;
- ability to withstand temperature fluctuations without dropping flowers and ovaries;
- resistance to viruses and diseases.
Experienced gardeners already have their favorite vegetable varieties, while those who decide to start farming for the first time will have to experiment in order to choose the most suitable pepper variety.