To choose the right pepper seeds for your garden, you need to take into account a number of factors. Growing conditions play a big role. The yield of plants directly depends on them. It is worth paying attention to the time of ripening pepper. All fruits have their purpose. Some gardeners are guided by the appearance of vegetables. They can be of different shades. Further, white pepper will be considered: variety names and growing conditions.
Why it is worth considering the terms of ripening pepper
The properties of modern hybrids make it possible to obtain abundant yields, even in the regions of the middle belt. In order for the plants to successfully bear fruit, you need to pick seeds with a maturation period that is suitable for local conditions.
- In the northern regions, it is preferable to take varieties of early peppers. They have time to mature even in a short summer.
- For the southern regions suitable varieties with medium and late maturation. Plants bear fruit over a long period of time.
Growing pepper seedlings at home is a rather complicated process, but with proper care, this approach will provide a bountiful harvest. You will need to prepare a suitable container for seedlings, take care of the nutritionally soil.
Some preparation is required for the seeds of the peppers. Before planting, they are disinfected and hardened. When shoots appear, you need to monitor sufficient light and moisture of the soil. The soil for peppers needs to be periodically fed.
After planting, sprouts are plentifully watered and covered with protective agrofibre. It will prevent the soil from drying out and maintain an optimal microclimate.Important! To increase the volume of the crop, it is recommended to plant the Bulgarian pepper through seedlings.
White Pepper Varieties: A Brief Overview
The following are the varieties and hybrids of pepper, having a white skin color.
One of the varieties of sweet pepper, the result of the Dutch selection. Initially, the fruit has a white color, as it ripens it becomes cream or ivory. The plant requires systematic watering and fertilizer. 75 to 90 days pass before the peppers ripen. Treats large-fruited grades.
This white pepper is planted in open ground or under cover in the form of a film. The fruit gives a conical shape. At the initial stage of ripening it has a white color, later on it becomes red-orange. The mass of the fetus is in the range of 150-180 g.
This Hungarian hybrid is characterized by resistance to heat. Fruits evenly, can be grown for a long time. The bush is strong, gives a bountiful harvest. Fruit setting continues throughout the season.
Compact plant with white fruits. Cone-shaped peppers, excellent quality indicators. Treats early ripe hybrids. It gives quite large peppers: their length is 15 cm, diameter 9 cm.
At the initial stage on the bush a lot of white pepper, as the fruit ripens, it acquires a red-orange shade. They grow in the form of a cone, slightly elongated. On the bush many ovaries are formed, it itself has a small size. One of the early ripe hybrids.
East Star White F1
The plant is tall, strong, each bush forms about 8 fruits in the shape of a cube, the weight is about 200-250 g. Mature peppers have a white color with a cream shade. Vegetables are very tasty, do not lose their appearance as a result of transportation. Hybrid confronts a number of diseases.
Forms shtambovy bush with rich foliage. From one meter of planting receive about 7 kg of peppers. In technical ripeness, the fruits are painted white with a slight golden hue; as they mature, they turn red. Refers to mid-season varieties. You can collect the fruit from 114 days after germination of the seeds. Known for high yields.
One white pepper weighs 100 g. The walls are about 6 mm. The shape is cone-shaped, the tip is pointed, the surface is slightly ribbed. The plant resists fruit rot, is well stored and transported. Pepper grows bulky, thick-walled, with a wonderful taste and aroma. It can be stored for a long time and, if necessary, transported over long distances.Important! It is worth paying attention to the beneficial properties of this fruit. It is very rich in vitamin C, which is necessary to maintain the body.
Very popular with gardeners variety, brings white fruit with a greenish, pinkish or golden hue. The plant is standard, low. Peppers of medium size, by weight about 100-115 g. The shape is cone-shaped, the wall reaches 5-7 mm. The fruit has a light, unobtrusive flavor. It tastes sweetish, watery.
The plant is not too demanding on soil and watering. It can continue to bear fruit, even in dry weather and if the moisture is not too abundant. However, with growth in adverse conditions, the fruits acquire an acrid flavor. In general, these vegetables are well stored. If the optimum temperature is maintained, they will lie for 3 months without loss of appearance. They can also be transported over long distances.
One of the new varieties, refers to the early ripening. From the time of emergence of seedlings to the first fruits, 103-112 days have passed. Immature peppers are white or slightly cream-colored, and after 25 days of biological maturity, become reddish or orange.
Although the immature fruits have not yet acquired the full flavor and aroma of this variety, they are already fit for human consumption. Their weight is 110-130 g. The fruits are cone-shaped, medium in size. Regarding the structure, from the inside with white walls, 3 or 4 sections are allocated, the peppers contain many seeds. Walls up to 9 mm.
The plant is semi-small, small in size. Does not require trimming. Because of their size, it is convenient to harvest crops from bushes. This white pepper is resistant to many diseases. It is preferable to grow peppers in greenhouse conditions. If the plant is provided with optimal conditions, a square meter of planting will bring up to 7-8 kg of crop. In fact, the bush can grow in cool or too hot weather. But in such conditions, the yield of the plant is significantly reduced.
What to consider when choosing a seed
Before you buy the bag of seeds you like, you should carefully read the information on the package. When choosing, you should focus on the following indicators:
- growing conditions;
- ripening period;
- disease resistance;
- external data.
On a bag of pepper seeds should be indicated where the plant is planted - in a greenhouse or in an open garden bed. This item is the most important when choosing a variety for your site. The fact is that not every sweet pepper will equally grow and bear fruit in unprotected soil and under shelter.
If the gardener chooses a variety for open ground, it is important to consider the issue of zoning. When the summer is short and cool, it is worth looking at plants that are resistant to adverse environmental conditions. Some peppers continue to bear fruit in rainy and dry weather.
No less important is the ripening period of the fruit.Tip! When early, middle and late varieties are planted at the same time, fresh vegetables can be found throughout the season.
There are varieties that, with a significant cold snap, can be transplanted into a container and brought home. In room conditions, the plants continue to bear fruit until winter.
Since peppers have their own viruses and diseases, it is worth choosing varieties that are resistant to diseases. This will save time and money on additional processing of plants with specialized compounds.
How to prepare seedlings
To obtain a bountiful harvest, it is recommended to sow the seeds for seedlings in advance. It is worth noting that sometimes the expectation of germination can be delayed for three weeks. Therefore, many gardeners begin to sow in the late days of January.
It is important to consider some features of pepper:
- This is a thermophilic plant. The best place to put pots with pepper seedlings: a warm window sill.
- Although peppers do not tolerate transplantation, after this procedure, the plant is restored and intensively develops the root system. As a result, such plants are ahead in the development of sprouts, which always grew in the same container.
- Pepper does not tolerate extraneous interventions. This means that the seedlings should not be rearranged from one place to another, pruned or stepson plants. When transplanting is to be careful and make sure not to injure the roots.
The most suitable seedling soil is specialized, designed for tomatoes and peppers. Before sowing, it is recommended to place the seeds for a couple of days in a damp cloth. Shoots can be expected at 5-7 days. For disinfection plants can be shed by potassium permanganate.
Caring for seedlings and planting in the soil
Growing seedlings of peppers at home includes the following steps:
- Transfer. When the plants have three true leaves, they are transplanted into another container. Seedlings can not be buried, but left in the soil at the level of the roots. In these pots the plants will remain until they form seven true leaves.
- Watering. This procedure is carried out in the morning. Use a small amount of water, with too abundant watering plants fall ill blackleg and root rot.
- Fertilizer. Add nutrient composition should be very careful not to burn the sprouts. If you create favorable conditions for plant growth, feeding may not be necessary.
- Preventive measures - loosening the soil, hardening in the sun, weeding.
To plant seedlings of peppers should be in early June, when there is no frost. They are placed at a distance of 50 cm between rows, between individual bushes are left 20-25 cm. When choosing a place for peppers, it is worth considering that they need a lot of light. Do not allow shading of plants. Also, they do not have on drafts. The best place - bed on the south side of the house, protected from the wind.
White pepper will be an interesting addition to the color range of vegetables. Given the time of ripening, the conditions of growing plants and the characteristics of the culture can grow a bountiful and healthy harvest.