A variety of varieties of tomatoes is constantly growing, and summer residents sometimes find it difficult to decide on the variety to be grown. Among the early varieties stands out Siberian Early Tomato, which successfully grows in areas of high-risk farming. This ability makes the variety popular among gardeners in the northern regions and the middle lane. Grow it in the open ground, and under the film shelter or in greenhouses. The yield of the type of soil does not change significantly, so the variety is valued for its characteristics. To the choice did not disappoint, you need to read the description of the Siberian early tomato.
By type of development and growth, a variety of tomatoes belongs to the determinant. So called tomato species that do not grow constantly, and at a certain point stop growing. The aboveground part of the plant no longer develops, therefore the height of the bush remains at the level of 40-80 cm, which makes it possible to grow a tomato even in greenhouses with a low roof. Reviews of gardeners about the characteristics of early Siberian tomato grown in different soils, are slightly different. In the greenhouses, a bookmark on the bush of the first inflorescences is formed above the 9 -10 leaf, and the next after 1-2 sheets.
The height of the stem of an adult plant varies from 53 to 95 cm. On one bush 1.2 kg of tomatoes ripen per square meter. meter square can collect up to 10 kg of fruit.
In open ground, indicators vary slightly. The formation of the first inflorescence occurs earlier - over 6-8 leaf, the rest are formed in 1-2 sheets. The height of the main stem is lower than that of plants growing in the greenhouse - from 30 to 50 cm. 600 grams of tomatoes are harvested from a single shrub, and 7 kg from 1 square meter. Reviews of summer residents on the yield of Siberian tomato early ripening confirm photos of plants at the time of fruiting.
The list of basic characteristics and description of the tomato variety Siberian early maturing should start with the appearance of the plant.
Shrubs varieties of tomato low, garters and formations do not require. Strong leaf foliage is another distinguishing characteristic of the variety. The leaves are green and medium sized. This type of tomato shtamb does not form.
By maturity refers to early ripe tomatoes. Tomato harvest can be harvested 120-130 days after the first shoots.
Fruits are round, slightly ribbed and large. The mass of one tomato reaches 110 grams.
They have a pleasant aroma and are universal tomatoes. Tomatoes are very tasty, great for cooking salads and hot dishes, as well as any type of preparation. They have a dense skin, so they do not crack when salting, and also tolerate transportation. Reviews on the taste of tomatoes Siberian precocious are very different. Some gardeners speak very well of the fruit, others consider their taste to be ordinary and unremarkable. But this does not detract from the dignity of the precocious variety.
Important parameters are tomato's resistance to diseases and pest invasions. The variety is well resisted by TMV (tobacco mosaic virus). For other diseases of tomatoes in a variety of moderate resistance is noted, but is prone to damage by brown spot.
Tomatoes Siberian early ripening will have an incomplete description, if not to mention the simultaneous yield of the crop, which is very valuable for regions with unstable climate. Even if the fruits are much larger than planned, you can not worry about storage - the juice or tomato sauce from them turns out great. Therefore, the description and reviews of Siberian early maturing tomato always contain mention of this quality of the variety.
But if you need to preserve the fruits a little longer, then they should be put in boxes in rather dense rows and well close the container.Important! Tomatoes must be dry and stalked up.
Compliance with these simple requirements will preserve the crop of tomatoes for 2 months.
Among the disadvantages of tomato Siberian early ripening, according to gardeners, the characteristic is not competitive with modern species. Some consider the variety to be obsolete, and prefer to choose new species. But experienced gardeners believe that the main indicators - yield and resistance to weather extremes, cover these small flaws. From one square meter of planting area, a variety gives up to 10 kg of beautiful, even tomatoes.
Agrotechnical cultivation and useful tips
Grow this variety of tomatoes in greenhouses and in the open field. But in any case, seedlings are cooked under cover.
It is important to know that when growing greenhouse fruits ripen smaller. And with good care in the open field, the harvest consists of large tomatoes of almost the same size. In addition, the fruits do not crack and long remain marketable.
If it is planned to grow tomatoes in the greenhouse, the seeds should be sown in late March or early April. Pre-hardened and processed. Pre-sowing treatment is carried out by disinfectants, it is good to add antifungal drugs to protect tomato seedlings from infection. The depth of seeding into the soil should not be less than 1 cm. Before sowing, the container must be disinfected and the soil mixture prepared. It is also treated with disinfectants and warmed to destroy pathogens. After sowing, the soil is watered regularly, waiting for the emergence of shoots.Important! Tomato Siberian early ripening seeds sprout well, so gardeners have no problems getting seedlings.
The main thing is to purchase tomato seeds from proven producers in order to be sure of the quality of the seed. Further care implies regular watering of seedlings and feeding. As soon as two true leaves are formed, the tomato seedlings swoop. When greenhouse cultivation requires a garter of tomato bushes to vertical supports.
In areas of open ground, seedlings are transplanted in late May or early June, depending on weather conditions. The age of seedlings by this time should be 55-65 days. For a variety of light will be favorable mildly acidic soil with little moisture. When planting seedlings in each well you need to add superphosphate (10 g). The optimal landing pattern is 50 x 35 cm, where the second value is the distance between the rows.
In the open ground, early-shrub bushes require the formation of three stalks. According to reviews of experienced vegetable growers, Siberian early tomato possesses another useful characteristic. The variety does not require a pinching, because in determinant tomatoes the main shoot is completed with a fruit brush. Removing stepsons can lead to a decrease in fruit formation and lower yields of the bush.
Watering the plants is best prescribed for the evening and take warm water.
The main care activities that need to be paid attention are fertilizing, loosening and weeding landings.
Tips for pest and disease control
The most reliable information about the characteristics of tomato varieties Siberian early maturity are the reviews of gardeners. They claim that the plant is rarely sick, but still have to face some problems:
- Late blight. In this case, fungicides or salt solution solution (10%) will come to the rescue.
- Gray rot. For the treatment of this disease, fungicides and triazole preparations are selected.
- Alternaria and fusarium. Fungicide treatment is indicated.
To control pests using insecticides. For early tomato, the danger is medvedka, aphid, whitefly (especially in the greenhouse), wireworm and nematode.
Reviews of farmers who grow tomatoes varieties Siberian early and photos of plants:
Sergey Vasiliev, Novosibirsk For several years I have been growing a variety on my plot. I am pleased with his reliability and good harvest. Fruits of good taste, strong, do not crack. Very well suited for salting. By all measures, tomatoes suit the whole family, so I do not consider the variety to be morally obsolete.
Elena Pahaneeva, Saratov I like the variety, I grow seedlings myself. The cold-resistance of a tomato helps a lot, it's cool in our region. Therefore, to obtain a crop in such conditions is possible only with a reliable variety. The taste of the fruit is pleasant, in salting they are very strong.
The only drawback is that the Siberian early maturity can suffer from brown spot and late blight. But, in advance, I take preventive measures and have little losses.
To consolidate the material, see the useful video on the topic: