Tomatoes of Siberian selection for open ground have their own distinctive features. Most of these factors are associated with the peculiarities of the climate of the north of Russia, because there is a very short and cool summer - not every culture can bear fruit in such conditions.
How to choose a variety suitable for Siberia, and which of the tomatoes bear fruit in this region better - in this article.
What to look for when choosing a seed
Going for the seeds of tomatoes, you need to know about some of the features of this heat-loving culture. For example, the timing of maturation or requirements for care.
In addition, we need tomatoes, intended for cultivation in the open field, and these varieties also have their own characteristics.
In general, the requirements for tomato varieties for Siberian beds look like this:
- Fast ripening time - the growing season should be from 70 to 100 days. Only in this way the tomato will have time to ripen before the onset of cold August, the spread of late blight and the threat of rotting of leaves, stems and fruits in conditions of high humidity.
- Strong stems and a minimum of lateral shoots with a high growth of the bush. For the Siberian summer is characterized by abundance of precipitation, the prevalence of cloudy weather, as a result of too thick plantings will be poorly ventilated, which will lead to decay and infection with other diseases.
- The possibility of tying indeterminantnyh tomatoes. If purchased tomatoes belong to tall varieties, you need to think in advance about how to tie them up (this may be a trellis, pegs, supports).
- Resistance to low temperatures - an indispensable quality for the north. Here, most of the tomatoes are planted only in early June, since up to this time night frosts are possible. And then, during the summer, it is likely that the daily temperature will drop, sometimes for a long period. Ordinary varieties of tomatoes in such conditions shed leaves and fruits, and hardened “northerners” do not lose their yield.
- Resistance to diseases.
- Unpretentiousness to the composition of the soil. As a rule, the soils on the summer cottages of Siberia are not very fertile - the tomatoes need to choose those that can grow in such conditions.
- Universal purpose. If in the middle lane or in the south you can grow varieties with different ripening terms, in the north you will have to limit yourself to only ripening tomatoes. Therefore, their fruits should be suitable for fresh consumption, and for canning, processing.
And next year, the gardener will be able to plant only the most successful varieties.
Tomato is a determinant, the height of the bushes with strong side shoots reaches 40-60 cm. The plant is intended for cultivation in the open ground. Early ripening periods make this variety suitable for cultivation in Siberia. The fruits are sown on the 85th day after the seeds have been sown for seedlings.
The surface of the tomatoes is smooth, the shape is rounded. The mass of each tomato can vary from 50 to 110 grams. The tomato is sweet and sour, its flesh is dense and aromatic. These tomatoes tolerate transportation and long-term storage.
Fruits of the variety "Oak" ripen very amicably and quickly, this allows you to harvest before the onset of cold weather and the development of the most dangerous disease for tomatoes - late blight.
The plant is resistant to cold, does not require staking, so growing tomatoes is quite simple.
Medium sized tomatoes are great for whole canning, making juices and sauces.
Determinant tomato, growing to a maximum of 75 cm. Neither tying nor pasynkovanie this tomato is not required. The fruits ripen in clusters, each of which is about 15 tomatoes. The rate of ripening is high - from 95 to 100 days.
Fruits are spiced together. The biggest advantage of the variety is the high yield, with each square meter you can collect up to 18 kg, which is a lot for tomatoes in the open field.
This variety is allowed to grow not only seedlings, but also seeds, sown directly in the garden. In the latter method of cultivation, seeds are sown in the ground after the 5th of May.
Tomato "Countryman" was originally selected for the regions of Western Siberia, so the culture responds normally to low temperatures, is opposed to most diseases, gives high yields and does not require complex care.
Small fruits can be used for any purpose. They are also great for transportation and storage. Tomatoes can be picked to ripen, they ripen well in boxes.
A variety acclimatized at Siberian breeding stations can be planted both in greenhouses and open beds. Plant of indeterminate type, reaching a height of more than 160 cm.
A distinctive feature of the bushes "Koenigsberg" - increased yield. The bushes are as if covered with red fruits - with good care you can get 2-3 buckets of fruit from each powerful bush.
The tomatoes themselves are large, weighing about 300 grams. The shape of the fruit is unusual, eggplant, elongated. These tomatoes are tasty fresh, they can be preserved, used to make salads and other dishes.
In growing a variety, it is very important to observe the planting pattern - there should be no more than three plants per square meter.
Determinant plant (70-140 cm in height), on which the fruits ripen in clusters. A distinctive feature of the variety is the unusual color of the fruit, the ripe tomatoes become orange-orange (both inside and outside).
It is possible to grow tomatoes both on a bed, and in the greenhouse. Variety productivity in many respects depends on growing conditions. Usually on the bushes are located from 7 to 9 brushes, in which fruits of the same size and shape ripen.
The mass of each tomato is about 300 grams, their shape is round, the taste is very sweet. These tomatoes contain a small amount of acids, so they are often used to prepare dietary dishes, mashed potatoes and juices for baby food.
The height of the bushes of this variety is about 1.5 meters. About 15 brushes are simultaneously formed on each plant, and they are formed at once in three pieces, simultaneously poured and sown.
The variety is considered high-yielding. It is better to grow tomato “Olya F1” in a greenhouse, this will increase the yield up to 25 kg per square meter. But in Western Siberia, it is possible to plant a tomato in the garden.
The variety is considered to be ultra-fast, so the fruits will have time to ripen before the onset of night cold. Vegetation period - from 95 to 100 days.
Tomatoes have the shape of an oblate ball, their surface is even or slightly ribbed. Average weight - about 120 grams. Tomatoes taste sweet-sour, aromatic.
Plants stand firmly against most diseases, rot and fungi. Shrubs are well tolerated as a sharp cooling, and strong heat.
The fruits ripen at the same time and very early, giving the harvest together and in large quantities. These tomatoes are most often used for making fresh salads, they are great for growing for sale.
Unpretentiousness in care, good adaptation to the climatic features of the region make the grade "Olya F1" one of the most suitable for inexperienced gardeners or summer residents of the "day off".
Sredneroslye plants are suitable for cultivation in open ground and in greenhouses. Distinguished variety interesting fruits - rather large tomatoes elongated slightly curved shape.
The average weight of tomatoes is 800 grams. Their color is rich crimson. Tastes are high enough, the flesh is elastic and sugary. Tomatoes tolerate transportation, are excellent for long-term storage.
120-centimeter bushes need to tie up and moderately stepchild. The seeds inside the fruit a bit, they are quite small.
This variety belongs to the Altai selection group and is relatively new. Bushes grow low (up to 60 cm), with powerful stems and shoots. Each plant is decorated with pink, oval fruits, the weight of which is about 200 grams.
Tomatoes varieties "Petrusha gardener" are very tasty in any form, they have an appetizing, sugary flesh and a rich "tomato" taste.
The variety is considered medium early, the plants bear fruit at the same time, which is great for the climatic features of the Siberian region.
One of the most famous and beloved varieties of gardeners. Shrubs are small, determinant type, not very branched, slightly narrow. The main stem "decorates" 3-4 inflorescences, each of which consists of 4-8 tomatoes.
It is necessary to plant tomatoes according to a thickened pattern - there should be about 11 plants per square meter. The grade is intended for cultivation in an open ground, from each meter it is possible to collect more than 6 kg of tomatoes.
Rice tomato about 115th day after the first shoots. Fruits are red, with a glossy surface, elongated, at the end have a characteristic "nose". The mass of each tomato can be from 30 to 60 grams. Tomatoes are transportable, tasty, dense, resistant to damage and ripening.
The short stature and unpretentiousness of the variety make it suitable for growing in country suburban areas. Small fruits are suitable for canning and fresh consumption.
Determinant bushes in open ground must be formed into three stalks. Thus, the yield of the variety will be about 1.2 kg from each bush. Bushes are compact, strongly-deciduous, amicably giving the harvest.
The fruit is painted red, has the form of a flattened ball, smooth surface. Inside the tomato is divided into several chambers, has a large percentage of dry substances in the composition. This provides tomatoes with good keeping quality and transportation.
Tomatoes treat the cold well, but they still “fear” certain diseases.
This variety is one of the most beloved and sought after in Siberia. Due to the fact that the crop ripens quickly, and the plants themselves are resistant to cold weather, tomatoes can be grown in the harsh climate of Siberia, even in open beds.
Deterministic type super-early tomato, refers to new varieties. The fruits are ripening on the 95th day after planting. Bushes are ordinary, undersized - up to 40 cm tall, not requiring staking and molding.
Tomatoes are smooth, round, red. The mass of each - about 150 grams. Tomatoes have good taste and dense pulp. Suitable for conservation and processing.
The variety is intended for planting in the middle or northern zone of Russia, tolerates low temperatures well, does not suffer from late blight.
Grown up in Siberia tomato "Bullfinches" can be collected already in the 20th of July.
The plant is indeterminate, tall, mild. In each of the clusters, up to 20 fruits are sown at the same time. At the same time, tomatoes are quite large, their weight is from 110 to 150 grams.
The shape of tomatoes is pear-shaped, on their surface longitudinal ribs can be seen. The color of the fruit is red, the taste is excellent.
The variety is very popular, even the bushes themselves are of a certain value - they are quite spectacular, they can become an ornament to any site or garden. The main advantage of the tomato "Red Truffle" is that it is not affected by blight at all, and can also withstand temperatures as low as 2 degrees without loss of yield.
You can grow these tomatoes until the first frost, the fruits that did not have time to ripen, you can collect and leave to ripen. Tomatoes can be stored fresh until the New Year holidays. Most often, the fruits of this variety are used for fresh canning.
The grade is intended for disembarkation in an open ground or temporary film shelters. Bushes grow only up to 40 cm, so do not require tying. They also do not have to pace these tomatoes, the plant is formed independently.
The maturity of the tomato comes already on the 70-75th day after the seedlings were sown. This speed of ripening provides high yields of early vegetables, allows the tomatoes to avoid a “meeting” with late blight, which spreads after harvest.
The fruit is painted in bright red color, has a round shape, a smooth surface, a weight of about 100 grams. Tomatoes are used for making salads and fresh.
Tip! The soil for planting tomatoes must be prepared in the autumn. In choosing a plot for tomatoes, it is better to give preference to where the legumes, cabbage, carrots, onions or cucumbers grew in the current season.
Standard bush, weakly branching, about 45 cm high. The variety is intended for open ground, it can grow in Siberia. Tomatoes do not need stading and tying, which greatly simplifies the care of them.
Tomatoes are sprinkled very quickly - after 84 days, ripe fruit can be found on the bushes. Tomatoes are small (about 50 grams), smooth, plum-shaped, red. They have good taste, ability to transport, long-term storage.
The fruiting period is stretched, which allows you to feast on fresh vegetables until the ripening of late ripening varieties. Plants tolerate low temperatures, do not need complex care, so they are suitable even for novice gardeners.
Small tomatoes look great in small jars.
What is the power of tomatoes
As you know, tomatoes are a storehouse of vitamins and beneficial microelements. And this is especially important for Siberian regions, where far from all vegetables and fruits can grow.
Eating a tomato from its bed, a person can be sure that his body will receive the necessary dose of vitamins of group A, carotene, amino acids, vitamin C, several trace elements.
All these "utility" can be saved for a long time. To do this, tomatoes canned as a whole, marinated, added to canned salads, processed into juices, mashed potatoes, sauces. All this is not only useful, but incredibly tasty!
The right choice of tomato varieties will provide the whole family with essential vitamins. For Siberia, you need to choose only special varieties of tomatoes that can withstand the harsh local climate.