Asparagus beans began to be used for food much later than shelling. But in the XVIII century, curious Italians decided to taste the immature green pods. They liked this novelty and soon got accustomed to Italian cuisine. And only decades later, the Europeans bred a special variety, which they called chilli or asparagus beans.
It is Italy that is the birthplace of Borlotto, a popular bean variety in Europe. There he was bred and was called - "Borlotti." This variety is very popular in Ukraine, as it is ideal for the main national dish of borscht. A special sort of "Borlotto" that cooks very quickly. And this is very important for the beans, because it usually has to be soaked for the night, and then cook for a long time until fully cooked.
This bean is also appreciated for its beneficial properties. It contains a large amount of protein and is even suitable for dietary nutrition. It also contains potassium, iodine, iron, zinc, sodium, magnesium and other important trace elements. It is worth noting that the asparagus beans contain several times less kcal, a total of 31 kcal per 100 g, and grain beans - 298 kcal.
Now it will be logical to figure out what is so special about the Borlotto variety and whether it is worth growing such beans in your garden.
About Borlotto beans, there is quite controversial information. Some say that this is a bush plant, and others that climbing. Perhaps there are several varieties. Also a feature of the variety is that such beans can be consumed at different degrees of ripening.
"Borlotto" is used in cooking as:
- black Eyed Peas;
- young semi-dry seeds;
- fully ripened grains.
By the time of ripening, the variety belongs to the early ripening. From the first shoots to the beginning of ripening, it takes up to 60 days, although immature green pods can be harvested much earlier. To obtain fully ripe dry seeds, you will need to wait up to 80 days. The plant is unpretentious to weather conditions and does not require complex care.
Ripe beans are large and wide with burgundy divorces. Large beans with a similar red-white pattern. At the initial degree of ripening, the pods are green, without parchment layer and fibers. The taste is sweet sweet. This bean is considered the most delicious at the stage of incomplete ripening.
Tip! The yield is very high, so the beans can fall to the ground due to gravity. In some cases it will be better to use supports.
The length of the pods can reach up to 15 cm in length, and width - up to 19 mm. In the bean ripens to 5 grains. At the stage of incomplete ripening, they have a slight nutty flavor. Used for preservation, freezing and cooking of various dishes. The variety has a high disease resistance to possible viruses and fungi. Likes heat, grows well in moist loose soil.
Sowing the seeds can be started after the frost has completely passed. The soil should warm up to +15 ° C, otherwise the seeds will not germinate. The end of May - the beginning of June will be the ideal period for planting in open ground. Pre-beans for sowing must be soaked in water for at least a few hours. When the seeds soften a little, you can start planting.Tip! As a fertilizer, before sowing it would be good to fertilize the soil with the help of humus.
Grains are placed in the ground at a depth of 3-4 cm. The distance between the bushes should be about 20 cm, and 40-50 cm between rows. The garden can be covered with a film from above, this will trap moisture in the soil and help keep it warm. When sprouts appear, the beans must be thinned, leaving the strongest.
Loose soil, as well as sand admixtures, is perfect for this variety. At the same time, clay soil is unsuitable for growing beans, as it prevents moisture from seeping into the roots of the plant.
Important! Good predecessors for beans are the members of the nightshade family: tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants, peppers.
This variety can also be grown through seedlings. Then sowing should begin in early May. Seeds are planted in individual pots, and in early June, seedlings can be planted in open ground.
Caring for Borlotto beans is a snap. The main thing is to establish the pillars in time and loosen the ground from time to time. If the air temperature is very high, then also do not forget about watering. But this should be done no more than 1-2 times a week, and it is best in the morning or afternoon. To keep moisture in the soil longer, you can carry out mulching, as shown in the photo.
Elena, 42, Krasnodar Territory For the first time I bought Borlotto seeds as a shrub variety. At least it was written on the packaging. The beans quickly rose, but soon began to curl over the neighboring trees. I still did not have time to build supports, and left it as it was. Fortunately, the beans are well established in such conditions and gave a good harvest. I tried to pluck immature pods, very tasty. But most of all I liked the young beans, soft and sweetish in taste. The variety is good, but do not be surprised when the beans begin to curl. Maria, 56, Saratov I have been growing Borlotto for a long time. Very pleased with this bean. No matter how hot or rainy summer is, it will always produce a generous harvest. I collect the seeds when they are not completely dry. Beans are cooked very quickly and have excellent taste. Can be frozen raw. I also like to make it conserved. I try to leave the seeds for planting from the previous harvest. Always rises quickly.
Let's sum up
This variety has long won the attention of many gardeners. She is loved for the opportunity to use both the seeds themselves and the under-acted pods. And the taste has not left anyone indifferent. Grow "Borlotto" under the force of each. So if you have not tried to plant this variety, then be sure to do it!