The goat was one of the very first tamed by man for the sake of milk and meat of animals. The cattle, though tamed, were much more willing to use it as a pet.
In ancient Greece, bulls were very valuable, but only as a force on arable land. Kose, on the other hand, was assigned a more honorable role as a wet nurse. She was "instructed" even to feed the supreme deity of Olympus - Zeus. The word "kozopas" then did not wear a scornful shade. Goat herding was a highly respected occupation.
But the worship of goats, as well as their uncontrolled breeding, eventually ruined the forests of Hellas. No wonder they now believe that the forests of Greece have eaten goats. Moreover, the formation of the Sahara desert is “hanged” on goats. At a minimum, it is believed that the goats played a significant role in the desertification of land, eating everything they came across, right up to the bark of trees and roots in the ground.
And for the vegetation there was no escape from the goats, even on the cliffs.
Coming from a bezoar goat, domestic goats have not lost their skills of movement on the vertical surfaces of the rocks.
Why do goats climb the bare man-made walls, only the stenolazers themselves know. Maybe they do not want to lose their skills if their master is driven out of a warm barn. But the photo proves that with goat climbing skills, this animal will obtain food everywhere.
And a master class from goats "How to turn the forest into the desert."
There is also an opinion that among the ancestors of the domestic goat there is also the markhorn.
It is not known how consistent this version is, but the horned goat is also a mountain animal. Simply, the ranges of these two species are different and they were probably domesticated independently of each other.
With all the "hellish" qualities, goats stand out among other domestic animals for their high intelligence, which they usually use to their advantage, and their cheerful disposition. They are very similar in habits with cats. They become attached to a person, they learn easily, but they clearly do not show either one or the other, until they are found behind another Skoda.
From the moment of domestication, many different breeds of goats from any direction, from dairy to wool, have been bred. The oldest and, very likely, the progenitor of all other long-haired breeds of goats is the Angora goat, which received its name from the distorted ancient name of today's capital of Turkey: Ankara.
History of the Angora breed
The place and time of occurrence of the mutation that led to the appearance of a long-haired goat with fine shiny hair is not known. Presumably this is Central Anatolia: a region of Turkey with Ankara as its center. The capital of Turkey, Ankara, was founded in the VII century BC. and was then known by the Greek name Angira (Ankira), that is, "anchor".
The conquerors in that area in the entire history have changed a significant number, Angira at some point distorted to Angora. It was about this moment that the Europeans of the 16th century found when they saw in Turkey an amazing long-haired breed of goats.
At the same time, two goats of this breed came to Europe as a gift to Charles V, where they received the name "Angora" at the place of their breeding. The Angora breed has a second name: Kemel. From the Arabic "chamal" - thin. The name directly indicates the quality of the wool of the Angora goat.
In the first half of the XIX century, the Angora goats were first brought to South Africa, where wool production, called “mohair” from the Arabic “elected”, became the leading branch of the economy. A little later, Angora goats came to North America, Texas. There, the breeding of Angora goats has also become one of the main branches of cattle breeding.
In the USSR, Angora goats were brought from the States in 1939 and were bred in the Asian republics and the southern regions of the Union.
Description of the Angora breed
Adult goats of the Angora breed weigh 45-50 kg and, in addition to wool, adorn the magnificent horns.
The height of goats can be up to 75 cm.
Angora goat weighing 30-35 kg and growing to 66 cm can not boast of such a luxurious decoration. Her horns are small and thin.
The Angora goat is an animal of a loose constitution with a small hook-nosed head and a thin short neck. However, the neck is still not visible under the coat. The body of the Angora goat is not long. Legs short, strong, with the right set. Signs of the breed include amber hoofs.
The main color of Angorans is white. But there are silver, gray, black, brown and red (disappears with time) colors.
The length of the hair of the Angorans reaches 20-25 cm. With growth, the wool is knitted into shiny braids, in which 80% is occupied by transitional hair, 1.8% short awn, and 17.02% coarse hair.
Angora wool has an interesting shine, called "luster". To the extent that in the dark the Angorean fleece has a reflective effect.
Goat shears are cut twice a year, receiving up to 6 kg of wool from goats, 3.5 from a queen, 3 kg from a one-year-old goat and 2 kg from a one-year-old goat.Attention! In case of untimely shearing, the yield of mohair decreases due to the started molting.
Grooming Angora goats
Usually, angora queens are not milked, using them only to get wool, but if desired, from angora goat in 5-6 months of lactation, you can get from 70 to 100 liters of milk with a fat content of 4.5%. When slabs weighing 22 kg are slaughtered, the slaughter yield is 50%.
Feeding and feeding characteristics
The Angora breed of goats in this regard has some duality: on the one hand, it is unpretentious, that is, it can safely withstand low and high temperatures, is not picky about food, can even feed on branches of many tree species; on the other hand, the quality of wool directly depends on the quality of the feed and the feeds, and this forces us to speak of Angorans as a whimsical breed.
Important! If you feed the Angorans with hay, their wool becomes light and thin, degreased, starting to look like silk. Wool is heavier from grass because grass contributes to the development of natural lubricant. When feeding grain wool grows coarse.
Heavy wool is not a big problem, as the grease is washed off when washing the hair after cutting. Much worse coarse wool, not allowing to produce high-quality mohair.
The Angora goat quietly survives in the open air, calmly enduring all natural disasters, but from drafts, temperature fluctuations and dampness, the Angora hair becomes dull and confused.
From a lack of vitamins, wool can even start to fall out.Attention! The main enemy of the Angora goats is dampness, which can lead to the development of respiratory diseases.
Water goats need necessarily clean. To meet this condition, water is changed twice a day.
In the absence of pasture walking, goats are fed with hay bean, maize and other protein-rich feeds.
Thus, the advantages of the Angorians include:
- undemanding to feed and the ability to dispense with its small amount;
- indifference to heat or cold;
- undemanding to conditions of detention;
- high quality meat;
- immunity to brucellosis and tuberculosis;
- valuable wool.
Among the disadvantages of the breed are:
- weak maternal instinct;
- the frequent appearance of weak and painful goatlings;
- instability to high humidity;
- the presence of molts that can reduce the output of wool, if you are late with a haircut;
- dependence of wool quality on weather conditions.
Angorkas have a friendly character, they are often herded along with cows, horses and sheep.
The peculiarities of the Angora breed can be attributed to the fact that syagny uterus does not save the fetus at the cost of their health. If the feed is low and the angora loses weight, she miscarries. As a result, the Angora breed is considered infertile, since the average yield of Angora goats is 70%, although competent owners get up to 150% of goats to the herd. The figure is not surprising if we recall that sheep and goats often bring two or three cubs at a time.
Usually, the Angora goat is left under the uterus for up to 5-6 months. If you take it away earlier, it will survive, but will fall behind in growth.
The second nuance when breeding and getting hair from the Angorok is that after a haircut, the animals for a month and a half are very sensitive to damp and cold. Therefore, the owners at this time prefer to keep them indoors, letting them walk on small pastures only in good weather.
Tip! With a spring haircut on the back, you can leave a loose strip of wool 10 cm wide to protect the animal from bad weather.
To a certain extent, of course. In the autumn haircut, all wool is removed, since at this time the herd will still be in a weatherproof room.
Angorian Owners Reviews
Yana Khmeltsova, D. Angular I keep the Angora breed for several years. I can spin, so the fine-furred goat is a great help to my pension for me. In addition to them, I also have a few fine-fleeced sheep. Wool mix, spinning thread, and then knit things for sale. Classical village life: in the summer, stocking up stocks for the winter, in winter handicrafts for sale and to pass the time. I keep goats and sheep separately, because sheep have too much liquid manure in which goats can also get dirty. If you can’t do anything with the sheep, then you don’t want to wash goat wool either. But the result of all the efforts is a very good addition to the pension. Tatiana Lavrentieva, D. Zagornoye of the Angora goats I hold more for the soul. Although I took almost all animals for meat or wool, it turned out that it was for the soul. I can not cut them. Well, you have to cut an anchor. Since they are in the summer in their fur coat is hot. Yes, and felted wool does not add comfort to animals. But I can not cut the Vietnamese pigs, just sell the young. And I sell the Angora goatlings, otherwise where will they all go? The makers of my Angora neighbors are often asked for bonding. Not because of wool. To cross a long-haired breed with a dairy is stupid, only if the litter is slaughtered. But his temper is very flexible. Everyone knows that he does not use horns. In relation to people. Dogs, on the contrary, drives as he wants. Do not sit here, do not lie there, get into the booth and pretend that you are not. And in the common pasture for all watches. What kind of cows, what kind of horses, what kind of family. Scatter does not give. In general, I am pleased with my Borka. I wouldn't trade for anyone.
A close look at the Angora goat breed can be concluded that if Angora is needed for wool, they can be regarded as quite capricious in the content of the breed. If the Angora goat is needed more for the soul and admiration, then it is a hardy and unpretentious breed.