Any gardener sooner or later faces various problems in growing pepper seedlings. It's a shame to lose the harvest, which invested strength, soul and time. The village has a good saying: summer day feeds. The same can be said about spring and seedlings. A slight lag in growth reduces the future harvest at times. Finding the reason why the seedlings are not growing pepper, you can try to correct the problem.
Pepper Unsuitable Ground
The most common mistake of gardeners of amateurs is the use of ordinary garden soil for seedlings of pepper. Such a soil does not fit at all, because it does not possess the necessary characteristics and composition.
What kind of soil is suitable for pepper seedlings:
- Light, permeable, air-saturated soil. For these purposes, sand, vermiculite or sawdust (preferably from hardwood trees) is added to its composition;
- Soil should have a neutral pH. Alkaline or very acidic soil is not suitable for seedlings of pepper. In the first case, good growth is hampered by the difficulty in assimilating nutrients. In the case of acidic soil, pathogens are activated;
- The soil must be “alive”, that is, contain a useful microflora. Some gardeners sin by steaming the soil, or roasting it in the oven, killing all life in it. If this is still necessary because of the danger of infection, then after heat treatment the soil for the seedlings of pepper can be “revived” with special preparations with useful flora. For example, "Baikal";
- The composition of the soil must meet all the needs of the seedlings of peppers, it must contain the content of micro and macro elements of the desired proportion. The nitrogen content increases humus or compost, and trace elements can be made specially purchased. Replacing purchased mineral fertilizers can be ash;
- Do not use soil with undisturbed, rotting plant debris, fresh manure or mold;
- Do not use the soil with a noticeable admixture of clay.
It is necessary to prepare the soil for seedlings of pepper in advance, but if the work is already done, then it is better to change the soil during transshipment of the plant.
Important! If the choice fell on the soil mix for seedlings of pepper from the store, then you should carefully examine the components. Very often it includes only peat, on such a soil seedlings grow poorly.
Lack of seed preparation for planting
Unprepared pepper seeds have a low germination rate, slow development. There are lots of training techniques. The easiest and most popular method of preparing pepper seeds is to soak in a solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate).
A solution of saturated pink color, soaking time - 20-30 minutes. This event disinfects seed. After processing, the seeds of pepper washed with clean water.
The next stage of preparation will be the soaking of pepper seeds in a growth stimulator. You can take the purchased product or prepare it yourself: 1 tablespoon of dried nettle should be poured with a glass of boiling water and left to cool. Keep pepper seeds in such an infusion before swelling, for several hours.
Sprouting is optional, here everyone has their choice. Either plant the swollen seeds, or wait for the sprouts to appear.
Incorrect landing time
Early planting of pepper seeds in seedlings leads to the stretching of plants, poor growth, flowering and the appearance of fruits before transplanting to a permanent place. To avoid such errors, you should carefully consider the recommendations for the variety. The optimal time from sowing to planting in the ground is 2-2.5 months, depending on the variety.
It is important to observe the sowing date for the lunar calendar. Lunar attraction affects the entire water of the planet (ebb and flow depend on the moon) - this is a scientifically proven fact. So, it acts on all living organisms. Depending on the cycle of the moon, the processes in the plant's body slow down or accelerate. Therefore, do not place this planting calendar in the field of folk lore, and it is better to sow the seeds of pepper during the growing moon.
Errors in temperature
Pepper seedlings love warm air, soil and water. Draft leads to putrefactive and fungal diseases, growth retardation. Too hot atmosphere with a lack of light makes the seedlings weak and elongated.
Cold soil can cause root rot, poor nutrition and slower growth of pepper seedlings. The heat in the house leads to the delusion that the soil is in the hotbed of normal temperature. Land from a container on a windowsill often has a temperature much lower than recommended.
There is another extreme - placing boxes with seeds sown on heating radiators. This technique can destroy all the seeds of pepper.
Watering should be carried out with water, a temperature of 30 degrees. Cold water acts like cold soil.
The need for picks
The need for sprouting pepper seedlings is not at all proven. After picking, the plant regains its strength for a long time and does not grow well. This procedure is justified only under the condition of a long warm season. In mid-latitudes, a loss in time of a fortnight can threaten an unripe harvest. You should not try to revive the weak seedlings of pepper with a pick, damage to the roots can completely destroy it.
Lack of light
Poor growth and weak plants can be a consequence of poor lighting. This cause can be easily corrected using the backlight. The one who hung over the seedlings of pepper lamp for the experiment, will never part with it. Plants that stretch in the direction of the window become elongated and weak. Those specimens who could not get even this fraction of the world stop growing at all.
Illumination with a special lamp or a fluorescent lamp with suitable characteristics will change the seedlings of peppers beyond recognition. The fluorescent lamp should be long throughout the window sill. The height of its installation is constantly regulated so that up to the tops of the plant it is 20-25 cm. A foil screen from the side of the room can be additional lighting. It will reflect light from the lamp and the window towards the plants, not allowing it to scatter.
With a small amount of land, mineral reserves are quickly depleted, even when the soil is well prepared. The plant with a lack of nitrogen grows poorly, the leaves are pale, the stem is thin. Lack of phosphorus can lead to both poor growth and the ugliness of pepper seedlings. Potassium is needed for high-quality and tasty harvest, so when it is deficient, few flowers are formed. Therefore, it is recommended to produce nitrogen and mineral fertilizing seedlings. Pepper seedlings require 2 dressings before disembarking to a permanent place.
The lack of other less important microelements, such as iron, boron, copper and others, can manifest itself as characteristic diseases in which the seedlings of peppers do not grow well. According to the description of the state of the plant, you can easily determine what is missing.
Watering pepper seedlings is not as easy as it sounds. Flooded plant grows poorly, as well as dried. There are recommendations for proper irrigation:
- Water quality It should be soft, clean, but not boiled. The best way is thawed and rainwater;
- The amount of water should be such as to moisten the soil to the depth of the roots. The soil in the tank should always be hydrated. It is usually enough to water the seedlings of peppers in a day or two;
- The water temperature was mentioned above, +30 degrees;
- Watering is needed in the morning;
- Do not wet the leaves and stem of the plant.
Diseases and pests
Poor plant growth and development can be the cause of pepper seedlings. Diseases of this culture can be bacterial, fungal and viral. Favorable conditions for their development: excessive watering and cold soil.
To begin with, it is necessary to separate the diseased plants from healthy ones, remove the affected leaves, and create normal conditions for the plant. There are drugs that successfully fight diseases of various origins, if the disease has not yet spread much.
If the pepper gets worse, it is better to get rid of it altogether to prevent the rest of the seedlings from being infected. Earth from him to throw out, disinfect the tank.
It is also worth checking the presence of pests on the seedlings of peppers. These voracious bugs and midges suck all the juice out of the plant, so it grows poorly. Carefully inspect the leaves for signs of the presence of the pests themselves and their livelihoods. If the enemy is detected, it is necessary to treat the plant with insecticides. These are poisonous substances, therefore it is necessary to take all safety measures.
Folk methods of helping weak pepper seedlings
The people have their own time-tested ways to bring the weakened seedlings of peppers back to life.
Watering infusion infuser
Instead of ordinary water, insist on 1 cup of sleeping tea in 3 liters of water for 5 days. Then watered, as usual.
Yeast contains many useful substances, besides they feed soil microorganisms. After such a fertilizer, after 3 days, the result is visible: plants that grow poorly, become strong and tall.
Preparing it is very simple: dilute in a three-liter jar 1 tbsp. spoon of dry yeast and 2-3 tbsp. l sugar sand. Insist in a warm place until it starts to wander. Dilute with water, proportion 1:10.Important! Yeast fertilizer for seedlings of pepper contains nitrogen, so when it is used from other nitrogen supplements should be discarded.
Ash normalizes the pH of the soil, softens water, contains potassium and phosphorus in the pepper seedlings. You can sprinkle it on the surface of the soil, it will not only be a long-lasting fertilizer, but also mulch, scare away pests and have an inhibitory effect on harmful microorganisms.