Every gardener dreams of a rich harvest. It pleases not only fresh, but also as a blank for the winter. If you want to grow a lot of good, large and healthy cucumbers, then it is important to think about feeding them. Everyone knows that without fertilizer, you cannot achieve the best result. Therefore, a logical question arises: what is necessary to feed cucumbers so that they give good fruit? Often, many resort to the use of store minerals. It is rather easy to work with them, however, these substances remain “chemistry”. If you are one of those that thinks and cares about a good harvest, then it is better to resort to organic fertilizers. With them, your cucumbers will be environmentally friendly and safe.
One of the variants of ecological fertilizer for cucumbers is mullein. Let's take a closer look at this type of fertilizer and find out exactly how to feed cucumbers with mullein.
Korovyak - the concept and composition
Some do not know what a mullein is. This is a very effective fertilizer of natural origin. They are fed plants in the garden and in the garden to increase yields. To put it bluntly, this is cow dung. It not only increases the yield of plants in the garden, but also strengthens their immunity and protects against disease.
What is its composition? You can call all the nutrients that the plant needs for development, growth and fertility. Here is a list of these substances:
You may be surprised, but if you add one ton of manure to the ground, it will enrich it with nitrogen by 5 kg, phosphorus by 2.5 kg and potassium by 6 kg. This has a very positive effect both on the growth of your plants and on their ability to bear fruit.
Most importantly, nitrogen in the mullein is in an organic state. With the decomposition of 1/3 of nitrogen is very quickly released, but the rest of the substance is very stable and has a positive effect on the plant. The same applies to phosphorus. And speaking of potassium, it is 100% soluble in water and absorbed by the plant immediately after being added to the soil. What is so useful for mullein cucumbers and other plants?
Cucumber Mullein - Useful Properties
This type of fertilizer has a mass of useful substances. If you use mullein as a fertilizer for your cucumbers, then the first positive point is the intensive reproduction of beneficial microorganisms in the soil. The fact is that in this organic matter is a source of energy and food for all microorganisms. The second point is that thanks to cow dung, the physical and physico-chemical characteristics of the soil are significantly improving. This allows you to make insoluble compounds in the soil easily digestible.
In addition to all, we want to note the property of fertilizer to help in creating the soil in the form of small lumps. It is this soil structure that is considered ideal for growing all kinds of plants. Why? Such lumps of soil become saturated with humus, and when you water the soil or it rains, they are difficult to wash away with water, they become strong. If you bring a mullein into a complex soil in which there is a lot of clay, then the mullein will make it loose. After adding fertilizer it will be easier to process, and it will warm up better and faster. This has a positive effect on the development of cucumbers, and its harvest.Important! Feed this fertilizer can be all kinds of fruit trees and bushes, crops and even houseplants.
However, before starting to feed cucumbers by means of mullein, let's consider the varieties of this fertilizer and methods of its preparation. Due to this, you will not have problems with the process of feeding.
It is logical that for the production of mullein you need to have a cow. She is the source of this useful fertilizer for cucumbers and other plants. There are two varieties of mullein, which depend on how you keep the cow in the stall. Some make straw or sawdust in the shed, others do not. In this regard, mullein can be:
- Litter type.
- Liquid type.
In the first case, you get solid manure with the inclusion of straw. If it is stored, then over time it begins to overheat and turns into humus. If we talk about the liquid form of mullein, it is used to create humus in the compost pit. There it is mixed with soil, weeds, sawdust, straw, fallen leaves and tops from vegetables. At the same time, the ratio of auxiliary components and manure is reduced by 2/5 (2 parts of components, 5 parts of mullein). In this useful compost, you can add lime or ash from wood, in a ratio of 2-4% of the total volume of compost.
The cooking process is as follows:
- Straw, leaves and sawdust are poured into the pit (or plastic barrel) at the bottom.
- Content is poured with liquid manure.
- The third layer is the same straw, foliage and sawdust.
- Then a layer of mullein to cover the previous layer. The process is performed until the contents reach the edges of your pit (plastic container).
Korovyak can be used both in fresh and half rotted and rotted form. It is only important to bear in mind that fresh fertilizer damages the roots and stems of some crops. A burn is caused in the process, after which the root dies off. Therefore, the use of fresh mullein is limited to entering into the soil in the autumn period under the soil digging. Then, before the beginning of spring, the fertilizer will burn out or rot, and will not damage the roots of cucumbers or other crops. But in summer and spring, mullein is used as rotten or half-rotten. But the question arises: how is the feeding of cucumber mullein? What should be considered to create ideal conditions for cucumbers?
Features of feeding cucumber mullein
The importance of feeding, we have already figured out. With it, you will significantly increase the yield, strengthen the plant and make the fruits perfect. The process of fertilizing is simple. It is only important to take into account some points on fertilizer application, as well as the method of manure preparation.
Feeding cucumbers need to perform several times for the entire season. On average, this time for 10-12 days. This will be enough to make cucumbers feel comfortable and bear fruit. It is especially effective to use this fertilizer in the case when the cucumber is not very attractive and weak: it is characterized by thin stalks and fading leaves. The recommended period of feeding with a mullein is after cucumbers have risen and they have leaves. The first time feeding should be done no earlier than 14 days after the shoot.
It is important to note that the mullein must be prepared in advance. You can use the method that was specified above, or you can use another. The second method takes a week of time. The preparation is quite simple: you only need to dilute the mullein with water at a ratio of 1: 2. It remains to wait for 7 days, for which the fertilizer will infuse and be ready to use. With regard to fertilizer, the solution is added only during watering. The concentrated solution that you got may damage the cucumbers. Therefore, dilute half a liter of compost into 1 bucket of water. So, you make it safe for watering cucumbers.Attention! To get the full effect of the mullein, you can deposit it in the soil in advance, to enrich it even before planting cucumbers.
Planting begins in May, so in the autumn after harvesting the previous harvest, you need to add fresh mullein and dig up the ground. Until May, the soil will be ideal to plant cucumbers in it.
There is one nuance concerning irrigation of cucumbers with fertilizer. Do this on top of the plant should not be. The thing is that cucumbers do not like excess moisture. Ideally, gently add the mixture to the grooves and grooves where the culture is planted. Thus, the fertilizer will fall directly on the root and will feed the soil. If we talk about the number, then 1 m2 one 10 l bucket of unconcentrated mullein is required. When you do everything right, cucumbers will very quickly please you with a rich, healthy and tasty harvest.
It should be noted that it should not be limited to only one fertilizer. You can alternate between useful mullein-based organic fertilizer and mineral fertilizer. We, too, love the variety in the diet. The same applies to cucumbers. Thus, they will receive absolutely all the useful substances that promote rapid growth and excellent fruiting. Indeed, at the growth stage, cucumbers need nitrogen, phosphorus and calcium, and in the period when the first fruits appeared, magnesium, potassium and nitrogen are important. What else can feed cucumbers?
- Bird droppings.
Immediately use all fertilizers is not recommended, but you can choose 1-2 and alternate them. Do not overdo it, but do not forget about timely submission.
Let's sum up
In this article, you learned the beneficial properties of mullein. This is an excellent organic fertilizer that combines a lot of nutrients for your crops. With it, you can achieve a rich harvest, which can be obtained in a short time. Cucumbers turn out tasty, fragrant, useful and suitable both for the fresh use, and for preservation. And thanks to the advice and instructions, you can independently carry out feeding cucumbers on your site.